Comment 2021: Proposed APA Guidelines for Custody Evaluations

A Working Group for the American Psychological Association has proposed Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluations.

They have invited public comment

I submitted my public comment today. They allowed one general comment and five additional specific comments.

I began by conducting a review and Analysis of the proposed APA Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluations. I have posted this review and Analysis to my website, as both a full and complete analysis, as well dividing the larger Analysis into each sub-section Analysis.

Childress Analysis: Full Set
Childress Analysis: Introduction
Childress Analysis: Scope (Guidelines 1-3)
Childress Analysis: Competence (Guidelines 4-6)
Childress Analysis: Preparing (Guidelines 7-10)
Childress Analysis: Conduct (Guidelines 11-23)
Childress Analysis: References
Childress Analysis: Checklist of Applied Knowledge

Here are my Comments made to the APA website inviting public comments:

General Comment:

The proposed Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluations in Family Court Proceeding are substantially flawed, far more flawed than can be elaborated in the limited space provided here for Comment.  I have provided a more comprehensive Comment on the proposed Guidelines which is available publicly on my website (

In 2018 a Petition to the APA signed by 20,000 parents was hand-submitted to the APA offices in Washington, DC asking for a redress of grievances regarding rampant and unchecked ethical violations in the practice of child custody evaluations and forensic psychology.  The APA has made no response to parents regarding their grievances.  The APA has shown complete and full contempt for the plight of parents in the family court system and the rampant unethical practices in forensic psychology surrounding child custody evaluations.  These concerns continue. 

I provide a more complete Comment on the proposed Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluations in Child Custody Proceedings in my comprehensive commentary available publicly on my website.  In the remaining Comments here I will describe the most concerning issues.

In sum, I am concerned about possible legal liability for the APA in any potential class action lawsuit brought by parents for ongoing, rampant, and multiple violations of the APA ethics code in the practice of child custody evaluations (Standards 2.04, 2.01, 9.01, 3.04), and for negligent failure in their professional duty to protect on two separate counts, failure to protect the child from child psychological abuse, and failure to protect the targeted parent from IPV spousal abuse using the child as the weapon.  The negligent professional practice of child custody evaluators is based on their violations of Standards 2.04, 2.01, 9.01, and 3.04 of the APA ethics code and the routine failure in their duty to protect.

Analysis – References –

Comment 1:

Ethical Code Violations: Principle D Justice. The excessive cost of child custody evaluations ($20,000 – $40,000) prevents access to qualified psychological input in court cases to only the most affluent of clients, denying equal access to professional services as guaranteed by Principle D Justice of the APA ethics code. 

The lack of inter-rater reliability for child custody evaluations means that two different evaluators can reach  different conclusions and differing recommendations based on exactly the same information.  This denies equal quality of professional services as guaranteed by Principle D Justice. 

Furthermore, restricting access to child custody evaluations to only the most affluent of clients who can afford them denies equal quality in professional services as guaranteed by Principle D Justice.  The lengthy delay required to conduct child custody evaluations (typically six to nine months) and their exceedingly high cost ($20,000 – $40,000) prevents parents from obtaining a second opinion on the conclusions and recommendations.  The absence of inter-rater reliability and the failure to apply the “established scientific and professional knowledge of the discipline (i.e., attachment, family systems therapy, personality disorders, complex trauma, child development, the ICD-10 and DSM-5 diagnostic systems) means that the opinions and conclusions reached may be in error, yet a second opinion confirmation is prohibited by the excessive financial cost and time required to conduct and child custody evaluation. 

The practice of child custody evaluations violates Principle D Justice on two separate and independent counts, failure to provide equal access to psychological services, failure to provide equal quality.

Comment 2:

Ethical Code Violations Standard 2.04 & Standard 9.01. Child custody evaluations do not apply the “established scientific and professional knowledge of the discipline” as the bases for their professional judgements in violation of Standard 2.04 of the APA ethics code.  The “established scientific and professional knowledge of the discipline” is attachment, family systems therapy, personality disorders, complex trauma, child development, and the ICD-10 and DSM-5 diagnostic systems. 

Failure to apply the “established scientific and professional knowledge of the discipline” – i.e., attachment, family systems therapy, personality disorders, complex trauma, child development, ICD-10 & DSM-5 diagnostic systems) is a violation of Standard 2.04 of the APA ethics code.  Because child custody evaluators do not apply the “established scientific and professional knowledge of the discipline” (in violation of Standard 2.04), their “recommendations, reports, and diagnostic or evaluative statements, including forensic testimony,” are NOT based on information “sufficient to substantiate their finding,” in violation of Standard 9.01 of the APA ethics code.

Note specifically the reference in Standard 9.01 to Standard 2.04, Bases of Scientific and Professional Judgments. The reason child custody evaluators do not apply the “established scientific and professional knowledge of the discipline” (i.e., attachment, family systems therapy, personality disorders, complex trauma, child development, ICD-10 & DSM-5 diagnostic systems) is because they do not know this knowledge, in violation of Standard 2.01, Boundaries of Competence.

Comment 3:

No Inter-Rater Reliability.  If an assessment procedure is not reliable it cannot possibly be valid.  This is axiomatic in assessment.  There are four types of reliability in assessment, test-retest, alternate forms, internal consistency, inter-rater.  The appropriate reliability measure for an interview format assessment is inter-rater reliability, i.e., that two different “custody evaluators” will reach the same conclusions and recommendations based on the same information.  There is zero inter-rater reliability for child custody evaluations.  Two different evaluators can reach entirely different conclusions and recommendations based on the same information. 

If an assessment procedure is not reliable, it cannot possibly be valid.  Child custody evaluations are not a valid assessment of anything, they are simply the opinion of one person whose interpretations were influenced by both their ignorance and their cultural and personal biases.  Child custody evaluations have no inter-rater reliability, they are not a valid assessment of anything – that is an axiomatic foundational principle of assessment, if an assessment procedure is not reliable it cannot possibly be valid.

Comment 4:

Ethical Violations Standard 3.04.  In the absence of child abuse, parents have the right to parent according to their cultural values, their personal values, and their religious values.  Professional psychology should NOT intrude into that fundamental right of parenting.  Furthermore, there is no information existent in professional psychology that would allow prediction of the child’s “best interests” based on any scientific and professionally established definition and criteria – it is entirely a matter of post-hoc personal opinion made by the custody evaluator based on no scientifically defined and established criteria. 

In the absence of child abuse, parents have the right to parent according to their cultural values, their personal values, and their religious values.  If there are conflicts within the family, these are treatment-related concerns that should be addressed in a written treatment plan with specified Goals, Interventions, Outcome Measures, and Time-frames. 

In the absence of child abuse, each parent should have as much time and involvement with their child as possible.  Any recommendation other than that would harm the parent who received the restricted time by inflicting grief at the loss, and it would harm the parent by creating a damaged relationship with their child, it will also harm the child by damaging parent-child attachment bonds in restricting the child’s time and involvement with that parent.  In the absence of child abuse, harming the child’s attachment bond to their mother or father by restricting time and involvement with that parent will harm the child, will harm the parent-child attachment bond, and will harm the parent, in violation of Standard 3.04, Avoiding Harm. 

In the absence of child abuse, the ONLY ethically allowable recommendation from professional psychology is that each parent should have as much time and involvement with the child as possible.  If there is family conflict, we fix it with a written treatment plan with specified Goals, Interventions, Outcome Measures, and Time-frames.

Comment 5:

Dr. Childress Analysis of Proposed APA Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluations

Analysis of: Introduction – Scope (Guidelines 1-3) – Competence (Guidelines 4-6) – Preparing (Guidelines 7-10) – Conduct (Guidelines 11-23) – References

Craig Childress, Psy.D.
Clinical Psychologist, PSY 18857

Orienting to Parallel Process

It’s called parallel process, when the same thing occurs at two different levels.  It’s most notable in treating borderline personality pathology when the treatment team develops and expresses the splitting pathology of the borderline patient.

The treatment team splits into the “good therapist” who is “understanding” of the patient’s fragility and seeks to make allowances and offers support, and the “bad therapist” who wants to set firm boundaries and is accused of being too “hard” and harsh on the patient.

Splitting.  The “good therapist” and the “bad therapist.”  This is axiomatic in treating borderline personality pathology on a treatment team – parallel process, splitting.  Marsha Linehan, the developer of Dialectic Behavior Therapy calls it “staff splitting.”

I remember encountering it vividly when I was a clinical supervisor in Choc’s APA internship program.  Choc had about five licensed pediatric psychologists on staff covering different rotations in the hospital, and about five interns and post-docs in the training program.

We met weekly, all of the clinical supervisors, to discuss the trainees because we shared supervision responsibilities across rotations.  Each trainee had a primary supervisor, but then additional supervisors for each specific rotation.

We had this one trainee, a post-doc. I wasn’t her primary but I was a secondary supervisor.  She was having difficulty on some of the other rotations.  One week there was an escalating disagreement in the supervision group as to how to respond to the trainee’s evident deficiencies.

One supervisor was supporting the post-doc and minimizing the difficulties, the other was being harsh and critical and asking for immediate remediation of the alleged problems. The intensity of disagreement began to become elevated into sides.

Then one of the supervisors in the group said, “splitting” and everyone immediately stopped all discussion of the post-doc.  We turned to the splitting pathology in the supervision group, the “good supervisor” in the “supportive” role and the “bad supervisor” in the “harsh and critical” role.

We found middle, we then recognized that there was borderline spectrum pathology with the post-doc, that means unresolved trauma, which will affect her counter-transference issues with clients, we need to get that cleared up.  So a remediation plan was developed that was trauma-informed relative to the professional needs of the post-doc.

With the recognition of parallel process, the professional discussion shifted from the prior superficial conflict of division, to the remediation of unresolved trauma with the post-doc regarding their professional development as a psychologist.

That’s what you do in a treatment team when the parallel process of splitting emerges, first person to see it says, “splitting” and everyone stops.  The entire conversation about whatever, stops.  The discussion becomes about staff-splitting, the “good therapist” (typically the individual therapist) and the “bad therapist” (typically the family therapist).

Find middle.  Then reevaluate the situation from a borderline (unresolved trauma) perspective. There will be distorted perceptions of “victimization,” emotional regulation problems under stress, and use of external regulatory objects (i.e., manipulation and exploitation of others).  Borderline (unresolved trauma) pathology will also allege “abuse,” using that specific word, that will elevate intensity immediately and claim a position of “victimization” in response to any structure or limitations imposed on them.

Document everything carefully and fully with borderline and narcissistic pathology, they will attack. Make sure your documentation is clean.

Borderline personality pathology (unresolved trauma, unresolved sexual abuse trauma, emotional regulation problems and problems in self-identity stability) is challenging to deal with as a professional.  Typically, the advice within the profession, passed mentor to trainee, is to only have one borderline (max) on your caseload at any one time.

Many (most) psychologists will not carry any borderline pathology on their caseload.  They are the most challenging of diagnostic populations to deal with.

Except with DBT, Dialectic Behavior Therapy, developed by Marsha Linehan at the University of Washington.  She combined the structure of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (CBT) with Eastern principles of Mindfulness, a grounding in our now, a release from the chattering of monkey-mind, and radical self-acceptance.

The construct of radical self-acceptance is an amazing trauma recovery orientation.  In the application of this construct, Dr. Linehan developed a key to unlocking pathological shame.  That is centrally important in treating sexual abuse pathology, what is typically called “borderline” personality pathology is actually unresolved sexual abuse trauma – we are pathologizing that little girl twice, first with the abuse, and then we call her “borderline” when she’s an adult because of the damage to love-and-bonding done to her as a child.  That is wrong, we need to stop doing that.

DBT is a treatment team, that’s another thing Dr. Linehan understood about treating “borderline” personality pathology, it’s exhausting as a professional, and there are a lot of facets of both education and therapy.  DBT is a treatment team model, as is all trauma recovery therapy.

Trauma is always a treatment team, it’s too tough on a single therapist.  When there is a treatment team and borderline pathology involved, there will be parallel process, the primary one will be splitting.

From Linehan:  “Staff splitting,” as mentioned earlier, is a much-discussed phenomenon in which professionals treating borderline patients begin arguing and fighting about a patient, the treatment plan, or the behavior of the other professionals with the patient.” (Linehan, 1993, p. 432)

From Linehan:  “Arguments among staff members and differences in points of view, traditionally associated with staff splitting, are seen as failures in synthesis and interpersonal process among the staff rather than as a patient’s problem… Therapist disagreements over a patient are treated as potentially equally valid poles of a dialectic.  Thus, the starting point for dialogue is the recognition that a polarity has arisen, together with an implicit (if not explicit) assumption that resolution will require working toward synthesis.” (Linehan, 1993, p. 432)

I discussed the construct of parallel process and staff splitting in a recent blog:

Parallel Process

I will be expanding on that discussion of parallel process to the current societal surround.  Our society is reflecting a parallel process, or we are reflecting that process here in this court-involved pathology, the reflection is actually an illusion, the parallel process of each has the same origins in both.

Rippling Trauma

Complex trauma (relationship-based trauma) is like a rock thrown into a lake; there is the rock of the abuse, the splash of the trauma, and the ripple across generations through the distorted parenting that unresolved childhood trauma creates.

We all ripple our parent’s and grandparent’s child abuse and complex trauma, and our children ripple ours, and we don’t even see it, because it surrounds us, to us, it’s natural and ordinary, it’s unconscious.

We ripple trauma in the distorted parenting practices that complex trauma, relationship-based childhood trauma, creates. Yet with each passing generation, we process a little more out, we become slightly healthier from generation to generation.

Our children are healthier than we are, and we are healthier than our parents.

To orient to reality of who we are I offer four names, Caligula, Genghis Kahn, Robespierre, and Adolf Hitler.  A substantial span of time, yet the level of savagery remains consistent, our insanity, our trauma, our pathological violence, our personality pathology born of trauma is who we are.

The Burning Times the Holocaust, centuries apart, the same savagery of inhumanity, of pathology, a narcissistic pathology born of trauma, creating trauma, endlessly.

Yet with each generation, we parent slightly better, our complex trauma gets worked through a bit in a process of projective identification with the child. The child becomes us psychologically and we re-parent ourselves through our parenting of the child.

With each generation, humanity improves, our children are healthier than we are because our parenting improves somewhat from what we received.  Look to 1940 Imperial Japan and their Bushido culture and to how far away that is from now to understand the progress in mere generations.

Once shared trauma united our shared psychology, trauma pathology was the norm, trauma was the constant of experience.  In that world the narcissistic absence of empathy and capacity for savage cruelty is not pathological, that’s survival in reality of the context.

We’re getting better, but we’re still rippling trauma of child abuse and complex trauma – in our society.  Our society is constructed by us, it is a reflection of us, it is a reflection of our traumas, and of our efforts at synthesis and resolution of the splitting, the sides, the divisions, and the restoration of normal-range human empathy.

Our society is a reflection of our psychology, and our psychology is a creation of our societal surround – a mirror of each, a reflection of both.  That is the source of parallel process.  It’s because both our society and our psychology reflect us, our structures, our inherent beliefs that we don’t even question.

We repeat patterns without thinking, without awareness, the patterns born in our complex trauma.

Narcissistic Pathology

Childhood complex trauma creates a constellation of symptoms from damaged information structures in the attachment networks of the brain, the love-and-bonding system.  Complex trauma, relationship-based trauma, primarily damages two sets of information structures in the attachment networks, empathy and the stability of self-identify.

The consequences of these damaged love-and-bonding networks is a constellation of symptoms termed “narcissistic personality” pathology; grandiosity, absence of empathy, haughty and arrogant attitude, need to be seen as special and the center of attention, a sense of entitlement, manipulation and exploitation of others, and splitting into polarized sides.

In the age of Caligula these traits were adaptive, same with the Crusades, Henry VIII, Napoleon as well.  Less so with each generation.

Now these traits of trauma, i.e., a narcissistic capacity for human cruelty and a fear-organized brain, are no longer adaptive, in fact, quite the opposite.  We now need our frontal lobe executive function systems fully operational in this up-and-coming tech-world of information.

We are releasing our trauma through our children, we are gradually freeing them from us, from our rippling of trauma.  We succeeded, not with ourselves, but through our children.  They are healthier than us, because of us.  We rippled just a little less of our trauma, as our parents rippled a little less of their’s to us.

Understand the trenches of World War I, the horrors of World War II, Stalin’s genocide, the Belgian Congo, the slave trade, and the devastating brutality of colonialism.  Our parents rippled their parents who rippled their’s, all of it unseen at the time, because it was “normal.”

We don’t see ours, except in the mirror, if we have the courage and clarity for self-reflection.  Portland, 2020 is no accident, it is a ripple, Black Lives Matter & Say Her Name are ripples, Make American Great Again, division, discord, and conflict are a ripple of trauma, complex trauma, relationship-based trauma in the love and bonding system.

The pathology here in high-conflict court-involved family conflict is narcissistic and borderline personality pathology activated by the rejection and abandonment inherent to the failed marriage and divorce.

Narcissistic personality pathology is the abuse pathology, child abuse and spousal abuse, those are the narcissistic personality pathologies, they are trauma pathologies just like the narcissistic personality disorder; relationship-based trauma.

Adolph Hitler and the Nazis offer a full display of the narcissistic pathology in all its myriad features.  I know it’s common to hyperbolically describe someone as being like Hitler, but with narcissistic pathology of abuse the parallels are valid.

The example of Hitler and that cadre of coldly malevolent cruelty in the surrounding humans, and with Imperial Japan, and in colonialism, are all applicable to gain increased understanding for the pathology.

The psychology of the narcissistic pathology achieves reflection in the societal surround. We don’t see the ripple because we are the ripple, we are unconscious of our patterns because they surround us, they are “normal,” they disappear from view because we are everywhere we look.

It used to be common, entirely common, spousal abuse and child abuse.  Child abuse laws were only enacted this past century, women have only received the vote this past century, our founding father’s were slave owners, and we’re just now ending the Civil War, the racist traitors lost, the union won and prevailed, all people are created equal and are endowed with certain inalienable rights.

I am introducing a line of discussion, using symptoms of trauma expressed in the societal surround for education and illumination of the symptom features of narcissistic pathology.

In narcissism, there is a continuum of self-esteem, from damaged self-worth to high levels of self-confidence, then it stops, the continuum stops at high self-confidence and strong self-esteem.  Then there is a gap, and then it resumes with pathological narcissism, the narcissistic personality disorder, it is not on the continuum of normal-range self-esteem.  It is a pathology, a deviant development from childhood complex trauma.

Narcissist pathology is low self-worth masquerading as high.

From Beck: “The core belief of narcissistic personality disorder is one of inferiority or unimportance.  This belief is only activated under certain circumstances and thus may be observed mainly in response to conditions of self-esteem threat.  Otherwise, the manifest belief is a compensatory attitude of superiority.” (Beck, et. al, 2004, p. 249)

Narcissistic pathology is born in childhood complex trauma (relationship-based trauma) and it creates trauma, it is abusive, it is cruel; the absence of empathy is the capacity for human cruelty.

The narcissistic personality collapses into delusions, persecutory delusions. Stalin is the most florid example.

There is a social distribution feature in narcissistic pathology, that’s Himmler, Goring, Heydrich, and all the loyal party members at the Nazi rallies, Mussolini’s Black Shirts, Hitler’s SA Brown Shirts, the thugs, the ruffians.  A group-mind develops, a shared delusional disorder, a persecutory delusion, they need to defend their race (self-identity), their beliefs (self-identity) against the threat from the “other,” the outsider, the not-me.

It represents a hyper-activation of their need to impose boundaries against psychological intrusion, against the violation by the other, that was born in a history of relationship-based trauma of psychological boundary violations.

From Beck: “Narcissistic individuals also use power and entitlement as evidence of superiority… As a means of demonstrating their power, narcissists may alter boundaries, make unilateral decisions, control others, and determine exceptions to rules that apply to other, ordinary people. (251)

From Beck: “Out of their vehement certainty of judgment, boundary violations of all sorts may occur, as narcissists are quite comfortable taking control and dictating orders (“I know what’s right for them”) but quite uncomfortable accepting influence from others” (p. 251)

In his book, Prisoners of Hate, Aaron Beck noted an important point, evil never sees itself as evil, it sees itself as the victim.  The Nazi’s saw themselves as victims of the Jews, the racists see themselves as victims, as being threatened, they see the other person as the danger, as the threat.  Evil never sees itself as evil, it projects itself onto the “other,” the split.

From Cohen: “The narcissist exaggerates his own importance, achievements, abilities, talents, and efforts, while splitting off, disassociating, or repressing negative elements of his self and projecting them onto others.” (Cohen, 1998, p. 198)

From Cohen: “The propensity to blame is an outstanding feature of narcissistic behavior in general.  It is a way for the narcissist to see himself in a good light and a manifestation of the splitting off of the negative aspects of the self and projecting them onto others that is a major narcissistic defense.” (Cohen, 1998, p. 206)Slide2

We are the all-wonderful, the pinnacle of ideal virtue.  They are the evil, malevolent, and all-bad.  Spitting, polarities, narcissistic and borderline personality disorder pathology.

Kill the infidels, kill the non-believers, the Protestants, the Catholics, the darker ones, them, the ones with the wrong beliefs, kill them, they’re evil, they deserve to die.

Our projected shadow.

From Kernberg: “The normal tension between actual self on the one hand, and ideal self and ideal object on the other, is eliminated by the building up of an inflated self concept within which the actual self and the ideal self and ideal object are confused.  At the same time, the remnants of the unacceptable self images are repressed and projected onto external objects which are devalued.” (Kernberg, 1975, p. 217)

From Svrakic: “Narcissist persons eliminate bad aspects of themselves using massive projections.  Naturally, such projections contaminate external objects that are then experienced as “dangerous, threatening, and worthless.” (Svrakic, 1990,  p. 193)

Humans are not “enemies,” we are family, we have merely forgotten, we are remembering, our children are learning again that we are family.  Family has no enemies, family is family, if family struggles, we support the more fragile and vulnerable family member and figure it out through empathy, care, and dialogue.

We’re family, brothers and sisters, mothers and fathers, sons and daughters, granted, a thousand times removed, we wandered all over the place, and in wandering, we forgot.

Then things happened, “civilization” came, and brutality, savagery, trauma, and suffering increased exponentially for centuries.  I offer Caligula and Rome as my citation, the Crusades or Mongol hordes work equally as well.  Shall we talk about Vlad the Impaler?  How about the Spanish Inquisition?  The Burning Times?

Pathological violence created by the absence of normal-range human empathy.  Henry VIII wasn’t a king, he was a psychopath, so was Julius Caesar, so were all of them, it was adaptive, the sensitive and compassionate ones didn’t last long.

We are changing, our psychology is changing.  Our pathology is being exposed in order to be worked through, processed, and resolved.  It is a narcissistic pathology of cruelty, hatred, fear, and brutality, of shared persecutory delusions, of violence, conflict, oppression, power, control, and intimidation.

Portland 2020.  BLM.  MAGA.  The Covid response of delusional denial.  There is a parallel process in our societal surround.  Shared persecutory delusions in conspiracy theories captivate many, Bill Gates is going to implant tracking microchips into the vaccines for Covid-19 to follow us, to control us, to violate our freedoms, Hillary was operating a pedophile sex ring out of a pizza place in New York, someone went with a gun to stop the delusional ring of non-existent pedophiles.

Conspiracy theories, shared persecutory delusions, parallel process from the same pathology, the same narcissistic personality pathology, a trauma pathology, complex trauma, relationship-based trauma that damages empathy and self-identity networks.

I will be expanding the discussion of parallel process into the societal surround for education and illumination regarding pathological narcissism, a trauma pathology with social distribution features, not to create political division into sides, not even to engage in political discussion, George Will, Bill Crystal, Steve Schmidt, ideology aside – to expose a pathology – a shared persecutory delusion from pathological narcissism, a trauma pathology.

We must find middle and avoid the parallel process of splitting – we must seek synthesis, not division and conflict.

In political debate, reasonable minds can disagree.  That’s not what I will be discussing, I will be discussing the symptoms of pathological narcissism for public education, consideration, and illumination.

The courts, the judges, need to see clearly and understand the nature of the pathology.  It is a pathology of lies, is a pathology of fear, it is a pathology of endless interminable conflict, of brutality, cruelty, and revenge.

It is not on the continuum of normal, it is pathological.

Our psychology is our society, we create one from the other, and each to both, we are a product of our childhood, a product of our surround.

Self-reflective insight is an executive function system of the frontal lobe, so is linear and logical reasoning, foresight and planning ahead.  So is the prefrontal cortex regulation of the limbic emotional system of fear-based responding from activated arousal (vagal nervous system) and a fear-organized brain (amygdala dominant).

I will be discussing the parallel process in our societal surround.  We are working through our trauma, led by our children, our healthier selves.

Craig  Childress, Psy.D.
Clinical Psychologist, PSY 18857









Vitae Review: Dorcy Pruter

It’s time I examined the professional vitae of Dorcy Pruter.

Ms. Pruter is in a different category, she is not a psychologist, she is not licensed as a psychologist, she does not have a doctoral degree in psychology.

I have previously reviewed the vitae of Dr. Sullivan.  I found it wanting from the vantage of professional psychology.  I’m hoping for clarification of my ethical concerns from Dr. Sullivan.  I doubt I will receive it.  There seems to be a prevalent attitude surrounding court-involved family conflict that if you simply ignore something then it doesn’t exist.

Fair’s fair, my next review will be for Dorcy Pruter’s vitae, also a prominent professional working in the field of court-involved family conflict.

Dorcy Pruter is not a psychologist.  She is a businesswoman and a professional family, parenting, and life coach.  She is also a certified family mediator.  She is the creator and developer of several family conflict interventions and custody conflict resolution programs, including;

The High Road Workshop

The High Road to Family Reunification Workshop was developed by Dorcy Pruter from her personal background, her study with professionals, and her professional collaborations over the years.  It is a four-day psycho-educational workshop that gently and effectively recovers the child’s normal-range and healthy attachment bond to the formerly targeted-rejected parent.

In 2014, I reviewed the High Road protocol in my office.  I immediately recognized the principles of how it achieves its effectiveness.  It is not like anything we do in psychotherapy, it is an entirely different approach.

When I asked what her success rate was, I was anticipating maybe 30% based on what psychotherapy might achieve.  She replied, “I have a 100% success rate.”  I was floored, and yet, that makes complete sense.  I could see where the approach used by the workshop will work every time.  It is gentle, it releases, it’s a different approach.

I recognized my professional obligations.  I immediately provided Ms. Pruter with my full professional support, and she is currently my first professional referral for families in high-conflict divorce situations.

Anticipated recovery from a psychotherapy approach of solution-focused family system therapy would be estimated at 6-weeks.  I might be at 2-weeks, most therapists, however, seem to be at never.

The High Road workshop achieves a full recovery of the parent-child attachment bond in a matter of days, gently, and the child loves it.  It is a healthy and positive experience for all.

After reviewing the protocol, Ms. Pruter invited me to observe a High Road workshop being conducted.  I took four days off of my practice and drove down to watch all four days.  It was exactly as anticipated from the protocol, better because the artistry in practice was also evident.  I entirely understand how the High Road workshop achieves its success.

Dorcy Pruter has the solution in her hip pocket.  My professional obligations were clear.  I next submitted a presentation proposal with Dorcy Pruter to the AFCC for their 2017 national convention in Boston.  I spoke first on AB-PA, specifically noting boundary of competence concerns and issues. Then Ms. Pruter and I presented on her High Road workshop, the principles of change and recovery on which it’s based, and their application in practice.

Then, in the course of collaboration, Dorcy asked that I accept a client from the workshop into my therapy for post-workshop maintenance care.  I said no, the family lives too far away to make it practical for them to travel.  She said please.  I said no, the family is in financial struggles and they can’t afford me even if they did make the drive.

She said please.  I cut my fee and said okay.  I received a client from the High Road workshop into my therapy.  My therapy is the second A phase of the High Road single-case ABA clinical research design.  Based on my direct experience with her workshop client, Dorcy Pruter and the High Road workshop achieved a full and complete recovery of the child and mother-child attachment bond from three years of documented child psychological abuse by the father, documented by three separate mental health professionals, none of them me.

I was simply the maintenance care therapist.  Easiest job I have ever had.  The kid was great, mom was a little deer-in-the-headlights happy, “therapy” was not involved.  I simply stabilized the recovery, and out of curiosity, I poked around and took a look at things, various brain things, regulatory and emotional systems, things like that.

Remarkable. The recovery was full, complete, and robust.  Absolutely remarkably clear of any trauma in any network.  I didn’t find a spot of residual trauma in the adolescent, nothing.  I read the reports from the three other psychologists, one psychologist reported it was the worst narcissistic pathology in a father he’d ever seen in a 40-year career, and two other reports from other psychologists said exactly the same thing across three years of failed involvement.

Finally the court orders for a protective separation came through that allowed the High Road workshop to occur.  Dorcy had travel pending and didn’t have time for the 4-day workshop before she left, so she did it in two. She recovered an angry-hostile adolescent boy’s attachment bond with his mother in two days – from three years of documented child psychological abuse – two days, completely fixed.  Remarkable, a stunningly remarkable professional accomplishment.

Dorcy Pruter is the best trauma recovery specialist I’ve ever worked with.  I’ve worked foster care heading the treatment team at my clinic, we were CPS’s referral, they sent their foster kids to us for treatment. We were a three-university collaboration, speech-and-language faculty and therapists were provided by University of Redlands, occupational therapy faculty and staff were provided by Loma Linda University.  I’ve worked with pediatric trauma nurses at Arrowhead Hospital, I love a pediatric trauma nurse on the team.

Dorcy is the best trauma recovery specialist I have ever worked with.  She is my first referral for complex trauma and child psychological abuse.  She’s not a clinical psychologist, she does something different, something wonderful, more please, do it more, recover more children from complex trauma and child abuse.  That’s a good thing.

She asked me to be the follow-up maintenance care therapist for a post-workshop High Road client.  I speak from personal experience, she obtained a full and complete recovery – more – sort of a vanishing of trauma from the kid.

The kid was great.  Wonderful.  Mom was happy and a little fragile from her years of trauma, she needed the stabilizing.  I met with dad, I concur with the prior three opinions.

I have personally received an adolescent client child and parent from the High Road workshop, and I’m an excellent clinical psychologist.  Dorcy Pruter obtained a full and complete recovery of the child’s self-authenticity, and a full and complete recovery of the parent-child bond.

My obligations were clear.  In 2019 we co-presented a paper to the national convention of the American Psychological Association on the single-case clinical research data from the High Road workshop.  I submitted to Division 24 Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology (not Forensic).  This is something new, the approach, the success.

The approach she uses, a context and gently skill-based and educational approach, has broader applications to other trauma-based pathologies, with clear applications to two populations; prison recidivism and substance abuse recovery.  I am confident that a university MOU for program research and development would be productive and fantastically rewarding.

I’m a clinical psychologist.  I am an excellent clinical psychologist. I met Dorcy Pruter, I reviewed her workshop protocol and its success.  I escorted her to both the AFCC and APA, they will benefit from meeting her.  For the APA, it was to Division 24, there are broader applications of her accomplishments.

What Dorcy accomplishes in the High Road workshop is unlike anything we do in psychotherapy – she achieves an “incandescent change” in her recovery.  My closest comparison is to the Christmas Truce of 1914, it is a shift in surrounding context that restores, resets.  The closest anyone gets in psychology is probably Boszormenyi-Nagy and Context family systems therapy.  Borszormenyi-Nagy is the expert on family loyalties, his book is entitled Invisible Loyalties and he developed Context family systems therapy.

Creating change by shifting context. That’s what Dorcy does in an elegant way in the High Road workshop. She’s crafted a structure, and then uses it like an art, shifting contexts as needed to draw forth healthy authenticity, love, and bonding.

There is a “moratorium on discussing the past” in the workshop.  Excellent from the start.  They don’t discuss the past, it’s now and moving forward, solution oriented, it’s teaching skills, like communication, problem-solving, critical thinking, and effective negotiation.  It is not anything like what we do in psychotherapy – a different approach.

Higher Purpose Parenting

Next she developed a parenting curriculum… for the targeted parent… that will lead to the recovery of their child’s authenticity and attachment bond to the parent.  Everyone else on the planet would have developed a parenting program for the pathological parent, the problem parent, seeking to control and limit the destructive impact of this parent’s pathology.

Dorcy turned in a different direction, to the parent selected by the child for leadership, she turned to the targeted parent.  Why?  Because she was that child.  She understands the child, she understands the child’s communication, their authenticity beneath the drama.  The “allied” parent is too fragile, they’ve collapsed, the child needs to take care of them. The child needs the other parent to lead, to find a solution for the family that doesn’t leave anyone behind.

The child loves both parents.  One’s fragile, one’s not.  The child has collapsed into the pathology of the fragile parent because that’s what this parent needs.  The other parent, the targeted-rejected parent, is the stronger one, the healthier one.  The child is turning to this parent for leadership.  Dorcy calls these parents the chosen parents.

As a clinical psychologist, I agree.  I reference the “identified patient” in family systems literature.

Dorcy has a clarity of sight offered by empathy – authentic empathy, not projective “empathy,” – authentic empathy for the child.  She sees to and hears the child.

I am highly knowledgeable about parenting training curriculums, I know them all.  All the different variants of Behavioral Parent Training, as well as communication-based approaches like STEP, and early childhood approaches like Webster-Stratton’s The Incredible Years. I know them all, even the research of Patterson and Forehand.  I know parenting skills curriculums.

Dorcy Pruter’s parenting curriculum is unique.  I attended the first 9-course series she offered, just listening and following along.  It is excellent.  It blends a variety of interventions that I’m sure she’s not overtly aware of at a deep-psychology level of my professional understanding, but about which she understands everything, because she’s self-discovered truth on her own.

She uses accurate contructs in unique and wonderful assemblies. She’s arranged constructs and interventions that I recognize, and yet arranged them in unique and interesting ways that are powerfully effective.  I would consider the Higher Purpose Parenting curriculum to be a trauma-informed parenting curriculum, the only one I’m aware of.

Custody Resolution Method

Next she developed the Custody Resolution Method, a combination of coaching support with a formal data tagging methodology for identifying frequency counts of symptom indicators in a large data set provided by the parent – Dorcy refers to it as Tier 1 data relative to the courts.

The data tagging methodology she uses for an archival data set (i.e., documented data; emails, texts, reports, court filings) is a standard research methodology for compiling information from large sets of raw data into organized categories that are available for comprehension and interpretation.

By way of full disclosure, CRM tags for the three Diagnostic Indicators of AB-PA as well as the 12 Associated Clinical Signs, in addition to other categories of interest.  She then sends the compiled data profile to me for my opinion as a clinical psychologist since CRM is tagging frequency counts for the three Diagnostic Indicators of AB-PA.  I provide an opinion, a consultation report. Ms. Pruter is a professional client of mine, I provide consultation reports for her CRM data tagging profiles.

Businesswoman & Coach

Ms. Pruter is not a psychologist.  She does not have a doctorate degree in psychology.  She does not do psychotherapy.  She is not licensed, she does not assess, diagnose, or treat any pathology. Nor is she an architect or a lawyer.

She is a businesswoman and a family coach, and in my view, she is also the best trauma recovery specialist I have ever worked with, and she is my first referral for recovery from complex trauma and child psychological abuse.

I must use alternate criteria for reviewing Ms. Pruter’s vitae than I would use with a licensed psychologist.  She will have no Education support on her vitae, she will have no psychology support in coursework or training, no psychotherapy treatment support in attachment pathology, family systems therapy, or any domain of professional psychology.

She took a different life course, she arrived here by a different path. That is one of the reasons her interventions are so unique and so effective.  She is not a psychologist, was never trained as a psychologist, she doesn’t think like a psychologist – thank goodness.

What she does have is solutions.  She is not without education, she has studied a lot, she is Certified in many areas of professional coaching and mediation – she is a professional, and she is a businesswoman.

If I were to review the vitae of an architect, I would use criteria appropriate to that profession, if I review a vitae of an attorney, I would use criteria appropriate to that profession.

Ms. Pruter is a businesswoman, forming her Conscious Co-Parenting Institute in 2006, she has a successful trauma recovery workshop that she both developed and has successfully implemented with hundreds of children and families.  She has created a parenting curriculum that successfully teaches the targeted-rejected parents the trauma-informed parenting skills needed to recover their children, and she has created a data tagging methodology that surpasses anything offered from professional psychology.

By any measure of success as a businesswoman, Ms. Pruter meets and exceeds criteria.  She has demonstrated herself to be an immensely successful businesswoman, even when faced with a savage group of people surrounding court-involved pathology that attack her with slander and lies relentlessly.  She is a remarkably successful businesswoman.

The next domain would be her vitae support as a professional coach.  Let’s begin our examination of that.  Ms. Pruter begins her vitae:

2006 – Present: CEO & Founder, Conscious Co-Parenting Institute

Dorcy Pruter is a Certified Co-Parenting, Custody and Reunification Coach, Certified Family Conflict Mediator, Certified Co-Parenting Instructor and Certified Life Coach.

Ms. Pruter leads with her business credentials, only one line, but as noted in my preface, her success in that area of her practice is substantial and clearly evident from her background.  It needs only one line on her vitae.

She next presents on her Credentials. For a coach vitae, this domain is equivalent to Education on a psychologist’s vitae. Note that she leads with her training received, not trainings given, she leads with her coaching credentials – Certified means she’s received some form of structured training intended for the coaching profession.

Dorcy’s path was not through psychology, she comes from a different path to here.  She entered business and property sales, a normal life, then shifted careers as she grew on her own emotional path of self-recovery as a child of “alienation.”

She recovered her own bond with her father and began to explore her past and current family situations.  She then embarked on a different life-course, a path of findings solutions for children and families, she became a family, parenting, and life coach.

Being a coach requires no more than hanging out a shingle and saying “I’m a coach.”  The measure of a successful coach is are they successful in helping their clients.  Recognizing the close collaborative roles filled by coaches and family therapists, Cloe Madanes, a renowned family systems therapist, has formed a collaborative professional relationship with Tony Robbins, a coach, and in 2018 she wrote a book entitled Changing Relationships: Strategies for Therapists and Coaches.

There is no licensing or regulation requirement for coaching, which makes for client vulnerability.  At the same time, I know many licensed psychologists who are entirely ignorant and incompetent, so a college “degree” gained from passing classroom exams does not necessarily mean knowledge or competence.

Yet Dorcy did more that simply hang out a shingle, she studied her craft and profession. – that’s what Certified means, it means she studied.  Perhaps that’s why she’s so successful as a businesswoman.  Certification training is noted in three areas, 1) co-parenting, child custody, and family reunification coaching, 2) family conflict mediation, and 3) life coaching.

These are not things she’s claiming she teaches – these are Certification trainings she’s taken – she leads with her education and training.  She is surpassing requirements for a coach, she is establishing herself as a capable and competent, well-trained professional.

Which she is.

Dorcy Pruter, CEO and Founder of the Conscious Co-Parenting Institute, a company focused on attachment based “parental alienation” reunification strategies and creating a world where children are free to love both parents. Dorcy provides coaching, training and reunification services, globally. Dorcy specializes in high conflict divorce and custody cases involving pathogenic parenting (parental alienation). She has been in private practice as a coach facilitator for over 10 years.

Following her opening lead from her relevant education and training in coaching, Dorcy next presents her work experience, this is a standard presentation of professional vitae, training followed by experience. Of note is that she grounds in the scientifically established knowledge of professional psychology.

Her professional experience as a parenting and family coach with court-involved high-conflict pathology is again strongly substantial and highly relevant.  As a family and parenting coach, Ms. Pruter is highly qualified by both professional training and professional experience with exactly this pathology in the family courts.

She is not a clinical psychologist.  Because of that, she should not, and does not, conduct psychotherapy, she should not, and does not, diagnose pathology.  She is not a clinical psychologist. She does something different, she is a professional family and parenting coach to help the family orient to and solve problematic parenting and problematic transitions in the family.

She is not a clinical psychologist, she does not diagnose pathology, she does not do psychotherapy, she is a family and parenting coach, that is her profession.  We are reviewing her vitae by those criteria, and her professional qualifications as a family and parenting coach with this pathology are stellar, and I would say unsurpassed in her profession with this court-involved pathology.

Dorcy Pruter is a pioneer in the field of Conscious Co-Parenting and Reunification Coaching, and has led the development of the Conscious Co-Parenting Institute, specializing in Conscious Co-Parenting Classes, Coaching, Conscious Ways for Families, Custody Resolution Method, Higher Purpose Parenting and High Road Family Reunification workshops across the U.S. and Internationally. She is among the most experienced Co-Parenting, Custody and Reunification Coaches in the world.

Next, Ms. Pruter offers her accomplishments in program development and successful involvement in court-involved family conflict as a parenting and family coach.  Those are a substantial set of achievements that she notes, as I previously described.

Within three opening paragraphs, Ms. Pruter clearly and concisely presents her substantial professional experience as a family and parenting coach with this court-involved attachment pathology surrounding divorce.  She is eminently qualified as a professional coach with court-involved family conflict pathology.

Ms. Pruter ends with the confident self-assertion, “She is among the most experienced Co-Parenting Reunification Coaches in the world.”

I agree with that self-assessment by Ms. Pruter, and I would challenge anyone to present a stronger vitae from any family and parenting coach who is working with court-involved family conflict.  There is no stronger vitae of professional qualifications and experience in family coaching with this court-involved high-conflict family pathology.  She is the most experienced co-parenting reunification coach in the world, I agree.

Ms. Pruter next turns from her strong offer of her training, background, and professional experience as a family and parenting coach, to offer the Presentations she’s given as support for her professional practice and competence.

Presentations are merely our pontificating, our presentations given to others are not evidence of any knowledge.  Presentations given will reflect two things, 1) the topics will reflect her interests, and 2) to whom she spoke will reflect the relative professional esteem to her work.

Recent Presentations:

American Psychological Association. Empathy, the Family, and the Core of Social Justice. Childress, C.A. & Pruter, D. Paper Presentation at the APA National Convention, Division 24, August 8, 2019; Chicago,

This first one is most recent and was with me.  This paper presents the High Road single-case ABA clinical case data.  It was my honor to accompany Ms. Pruter to the APA to present her High Road single-case ABA clinical research data directly to the American Psychological Association at their national convention in Chicago, August 2019.

National Americans For Equal Shared Parenting Conference on ABA Single Case Design Evidence Based Practice of the High Road for Trauma Informed Remedy of Complex Family Conflict. Washington, DC; June 29, 2019

This is a mid-range professional organization, she again presents the evidence-based data in support of the High Road workshop’s success.

Erasmus University Medical Center. Presented on a Panel of psychologist, lawyers, and judges on the subject Attachment-Based Parental Alienation: Trauma Informed Remedy of Complex Family Conflict. Rotterdam, Netherlands; February 25, 2019

Dutch Ministry of Justice. Invited meeting; February 27, 2019.

These two are again with me.  I was invited to speak in the Netherlands. My first call was to Dorcy, “Would you join me?” I take Dorcy everywhere I go and introduce her to everyone I meet. She is my first referral.

How Childhood Trauma is Impacting Your Present Day Life. Awakening Giants Presentation. Tauranga, New Zealand; January 20, 2019

She is involved in expanded projects of life-development and growth.

Inspire Aukland. Conflict Resolution Skills to End the Suffering Caused by Childhood Trauma Surrounding Divorce. Aukland, New Zealand; January 18, 2019

This talk indicates her area of professional interest, as well as a notable international focus on trauma recovery.

Inspire Monrovia. Conflict Resolution Skills to End the Suffering Caused by Childhood Trauma in a Post War Monrovia, Liberia, Africa. October 13, 2018.

Another broad trauma presentation, and note the international scope.  There are broader professional implications for her approach to recovery from complex trauma.  Dorcy Pruter’s vitae for a coach in complex trauma and family recovery is exceptionally strong.

Association of Family and Conciliation Courts Annual Convention. An Attachment-Based Model of Parental Alienation: Diagnosis and Treatment. June 1, 2017; Boston,

This is again with me as I described above. I felt it my professional obligation to introduce Ms. Pruter and her approach to recovery from complex trauma and child psychological abuse to the AFCC and APA.

International Conference of Shared Parenting ABAB Single Case Design Evidence Based Practice as a Solution for Complex Trauma; causing an emotional cutoff between a parent and child caused by complex trauma surrounding divorce. May 29, 2017; Boston, MA

A mid-level professional association. It takes a doctorate or law degree to present at the AFCC and a doctorate in psychology to open the door to the APA.  These domain-specific mid-level professional conferences are the networks of active professionals.

Again to be noted is her reliance on evidence-based support for her workshop-based approach to recovery.  This is excellent, outcome measures and clinical research designs are top-tier professional work.

Parental Alienation Symposium 2017: Presentation on Solutions for Professionals and Families suffering from emotional cutoffs caused by emotional trauma surrounding divorce. April 29, 2017; Dallas,

This was a parent-organized symposium, there was no Gardner PAS allowed. It was the first shift to a scientifically grounded approach to solutions.

That is a substantial set of presentations for a family and parenting coach.  They reveal who she is, her focus and interests.

Ms. Pruter next shifts to a more specific detailing of her background skills and experience by providing a listing of additional domains of her professional work and consultation experience, capabilities, and competencies.

Other roles served for families going through divorce include:

 1.  Co-parenting mediator, testifying expert, co-parent coach and consultant – in courts across the United States, Canada, Africa, Europe and Australia.

She’s a top tier professional, actively bringing solutions to family conflict pathology, with a notable international scope.  Her work has broader application than simply the family conflict surrounding the courts.

2.  Testimony in custody situations in jurisdictions across the U.S. and Canada, Dorcy provides consultation services, to forensic professionals, family law attorneys and parents in the context of child custody issues, reunification strategies and High Conflict Divorce.

This is a valuable professional consultation service, and one which a coach is uniquely qualified to offer.  Whether there is a desire for her testimony and consultation is dependent on the success of her clients.  I suspect her clients will be satisfied and successful, the legal arguments are shifting from custody to treatment.

3.  Developed the High Road to Family Reunification program, a psycho-educational workshop designed to restore the normal-range attachment bonding motivations of a child toward a rejected parent that results from parental alienation.

A remarkable professional achievement.

I encourage university involvement in research on the High Road workshop intervention protocol and it’s approach.  I would also encourage translation for a Spanish language delivery.  Personally, I think the University of Granada would be well-suited for the translation of the protocol, and any university researcher in complex trauma and psychological child abuse would benefit from an MOU and research collaboration with Ms. Pruter on the High Road protocol.

4.  Developed the Custody Resolution Method Coaching Program and Digital Timeline for documenting data in high-conflict divorce, which includes the creation of Behavioral Pattern timelines that are anchored in data from the case files. This program provides an easy to understand, visual aid to assist lawyers, judges, custody evaluators, therapists and others, to see the patterns of behaviors and triggering events, giving the professionals an easy to understand tool to see that common patterns of pathogenic parenting behaviors. These timelines make it easy for the decision makers, to evaluate the protective separation of the child from a pathogenic parent, when warranted by the data.

Data speaks. Dorcy in CRM gives data voice.

5.  Written numerous articles, spoke at numerous national and international venues, on topics such as High-conflict divorce, Co-Parent Coaching, Parent/Child Alienation, Co-Parent consulting and Family Reunification and, conflict resolutions skills.

She describes her primary domain of interest and indicates a willingness to speak and educate on these topics.

6.  Created and taught, the 10-Week Conscious Co-parenting course, covering topics from parenting styles and managing a high conflict divorce to co-parenting and parallel parenting plans. This program includes a co-parenting handbook, a co-parenting workbook and over 40 hours of online training videos and audios.

Ms. Pruter is active in developing structured skill-based interventions.  In many cases of court-involved pathology, not just divorce and custody but other forms of problematic behavior and parenting, parenting programs are required by the court.  I recommend any of the Dorcy’s parenting curriculums from the Conscious Co-Parenting Institute (and preferred over Behavioral Parent Training curriculums).

7. Certification of instructors internationally to teach the Conscious Co-Parenting classes and coaching, including certification of marriage and family therapists and social workers in the Conscious Co-Parenting protocol.

She is expanding availability of a standardized and skills-based approach to growth, resolution, and solutions to family conflict and parenting skills development.  Her first presentation on her vitae was the Certification Training she’s received.  Here, she is offering her curriculum and training as Certification in Conscious Co-Parenting courses and development.

8. Certified Coach with the International Association of Coaching (IAC)

Ms. Pruter offers her Professional Association membership as a coach. She is a solid family and parenting professional coach by training and accomplishment, and continues her professional organizational involvement.

9. Authored and published an ebook, “Stepping In” a Step Parents guide to Conscious Co-Parenting.

10. Authored and published the e-book, “I Love You Both”, a guide to help children of divorce love both of their parents.

Ms. Pruter offers available resources.

11. Developed the Conscious Ways for Families, a conflict resolution coaching Program for families dealing with the family courts and co-parenting disputes.

Ms. Pruter is exceptionally active in developing a variety of intervention approaches.  She has an effective and extensive trauma-recovery protocol, she varies it for context of delivery.

12. Has certified, Co-Parenting, Custody and Reunification coaches, worldwide.

She is active in training coaches in her protocols.

For her, this becomes challenging on several grounds, 1) protecting her intellectual property from theft and appropriation, and 2) people changing it, doing it wrong, and then Dorcy gets blamed for the failure.

Training coaches in her protocols is a challenging undertaking.  She has undertaken it because it’s needed. She is only one human and the need for recovery from complex trauma is great.  It would be good if there were more coaches trained in her protocol structures.

I believe this best comes though university involvement.  Allow a university to research and further develop and establish the protocol structures, allowing Ms. Pruter to maintain the High Road structure, with variants by research and desire of others.

International coaches trained in a structured approach will be immensely valuable with helping those systems achieve solutions for their families, and Ms. Pruter demonstrates on her vitae an understanding for the international scope, from Europe to Liberia, a broad range of trauma.

13. Speaker at numerous conferences on the subject of obstructed family bonds solutions that work included but not limited to presenting at AFCC, Annual Conference, International Conference for Shared Parenting, and Parental Alienation Symposium

She is available to speak and educate on these topics.

14. Developed and facilitate of Higher Purpose Parenting online and live coaching and parenting classes

As I noted earlier, I have taken this set of classes. They are an excellenct and effective parenting skills curriculum.  I would call it a trauma-informed curriculum, it is a set of skills that will clear trans-generational trauma influences from the parent.

15. US and North America Partner to the Divorce Hotel providing Conscious Divorces through mediation in a weekend

She has a broad array of solution-focused involvement.  The goal is to prevent problems as early as possible and to re-direct situations into solutions BEFORE they become a problem.

16. Developed Higher Purpose Mastery coaching, classes and workshops facilitated around the world

She has broader-scope curriculum and interventions that move into the domain of life coaching.

17. Developed Securing a Scared Relationship coaching program and online classes

18. Facilitates workshops and leadership training for coaches and mediators

19. Founded the Conscious Co-Parenting Institute the worlds leading provider of co-parenting and custody solutions for divorcing parents

20. Founder of the Co-Parenting Coach and Mediator Training Academy; Certifying coaches and mediators around the world on the solutions to for high conflict divorce and custody issues

She is very active in developing and creating solutions, and providing training to others in achieving these solutions.

She is closing her vitae and provides her organizational affiliations.  These place her work in a professional context, these are the organizations of relevance for her work.

Membership Affiliations:

• Member of Association of Family and Conciliation Courts (AFCC)
• Member of Academy of Professional Family Mediators (APFM)
• Member of the International Academy of Collaborative Professionals (IACP)
• Member of Coach Training Alliance (CTA)
• Member of National Association of Mediators (NAM)
• Member of Academy of Professional Family Mediators (APFM)
• Member of Southern California Mediators Association (SCMA)
• Member of the International Association of Coaches (IAC)
• Member of Leading Women for Shared Parenting (LW4SP)
• Past member of the United States of America Blended Family Association
• Past member of the International Coaching Federation (ICF)

Ms. Pruter closes with offering her education and training background with this pathology.  The pathology lies, it distorts, it slanders with false allegations.  The pathology and its allies seek to discredit Ms. Pruter’s absence of a college degree.  She is a businesswoman and professional coach, she came here by a different path.

She is most certainly educated in the nature of this court-involved pathology and she works hard at her craft and profession.  She is the most knowledgeable of any professional I know regarding the nature of this court-involved family conflict pathology and its solution.

Trainings Received Related to Divorcing Families and Coaching

• 40 Hours of Divorce and Family Mediations Training – MTI Mediation Training International
• 40 Hours of Divorce and Family Mediation Training – Mosten Mediation Training
• High Conflict Institute® – 12 hours of Understanding and Managing High Conflict Personalities in Legal Disputes,
• High Conflict Institute® – 13 hours of Dealing with High Conflict People in Separation, Divorce and Co-parenting,
• High Conflict Institute® – 6 hours of New Ways Conflict Resolution training.
• High Conflict Institute® – 6 Hours High Conflict Divorce Mediation Training
• Certified Breakthrough Parenting® instructor training 16 hours and is certified to teach Breakthrough Parenting®
• Certified Active Parenting Instructor®
• Completed Coaches Training Alliance® 6 month coaching certification course and is a certified coach.
• Completed Coaches Training Alliance® 6 month Master coach training
• Is a credentialed Master Certified Coach with over 15000 hours of client coaching experience with the International Coaching Federation
• A credentialed Master Certified Coach with over 15000 hours of client coaching experience with the International Association of Coaches
• AFCC high conflict resolution training and numerous workshops and training from 2013 to present
• John Maxwell- Become a Coach and Leadership Coach Certification
• Certified “Today Matters” Coach- John Maxwell
• Certified ‘Developing the Leaders Around you Coach- John Maxwell & Todd Duncan
• The Duncan Group Achieving Leadership training
• The Duncan Group Executive Leadership training
• The Conscious Parent training with Dr. Shefali Tebury
• Experts Academy- Brendan Burchard
• High Performance Academy Master Coach Certification-Brendan Burchard
• 80 hours of Attachment-based Parental Alienation Assessment and Diagnosis- Dr. Craig Childress

That is a substantial vitae of coaching education and training she has received.

The last entry is just flattery to me, she knows this pathology at every level as well as I do, she instructs me as much as I instruct her (in fact, we consult, “instruction” is not a relevant construct).  She uses her words, I use mine, we exchange language-words.  I like her words better, they’re more common-sense and grounded terms, mine are all complicated multisyllabic terminology.  See.

I am familiar with everything Ms. Pruter advocates and consultation advice domains she provides, I agree with everything, she is entirely correct, and I can provide my multisyllabic terminology if desired.

Next to my own vitae as a clinical psychologist, I cannot imagine a stronger professional vitae than Dorcy Pruter’s regarding this court-involved pathology.  Dorcy Pruter absolutely knows what she’s doing, that is clearly evident and substantially supported by her vitae of background and experience.

I’m a licensed clinical psychologist.  I assess, diagnose, and treat pathology, all types.  I do psychotherapy, there are a variety of psychotherapy schools and models.

Dorcy Pruter is a family and parenting coach, a life coach, and a businesswoman.  We do different things.  She is remarkably successful in what she does, and her vitae provides strong professional indication of who she is.

In my professional estimation as a clinical psychologist, Ms. Pruter is the best trauma recovery specialist on the planet for complex trauma and child psychological abuse.  She is my first referral.  Her approaches have broader application with all complex trauma pathology in addition to this court-involved family conflict pathology, and they are remarkably effective with resolving this attachment-based family conflict and in restoring a healthy and normal-range childhood to the child.

Craig Childress, Psy.D.
Clinical Psychologist, PSY 18857

Vitae Review: Dr. Sullivan

I am a clinical psychologist.  I have a client for whom I conducted a set of diagnostic clinical interviews and I arrived at a diagnosis for the family situation.  A custody evaluation was involved in this matter as well, and the custody evaluator referred my client to Dr. Sullivan for treatment of the child’s and family’s attachment-related pathology.

I will be providing my client with my opinions as to whether Dr. Sullivan represents an appropriate therapist for severe attachment pathology in the family.  My review and opinions will be based on the evidenced background and professional experience of Dr. Sullivan with regard to the following areas:

  • Attachment pathology (Bowlby, Ainsworth, Sroufe, Fonagy, Tronick),
  • Personality disorder pathology, complex trauma, and persecutory delusions (Millon, Kernberg, Beck, Linehan, van der Kolk),
  • Child development (Tronick, Stern, Shore, Kohut)
  • Family systems therapy (Minuchin, Bowen, Madanes, Haley, Satir)

This is Dr. Sullivan’s professional vitae retrieved from the Internet through a link provided on his website.

Dr. Sullivan Professional Vitae


As is traditional, Dr. Sullivan begins his vitae presentation with his educational background:

A.B. Human Biology (1978) Stanford University, Stanford, California

Ph.D. Clinical/Community Psychology (1985) University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

That’s a solid educational background, an undergraduate degree from Stanford in a science (not psychology) then a Ph.D. degree from the University of Maryland with his doctoral study divided into three domains, Research methodology, Community-based interventions, and Clinical psychology diagnosis and treatment (i.e., a Ph.D. in Community/Clinical Psychology).

Of note is that Dr. Sullivan had no prior education or training in any area of psychology prior to beginning his doctoral studies.  The only coursework education Dr. Sullivan has ever received in psychology has been solely from his doctoral program.  Dr. Sullivan appears to have had no prior preparation in any area of psychology for his doctoral studies in Clinical psychology.

Also of note for me is that his doctoral program had an additional Community psychology training component.  I have Community-Clinical psychology training from my Master’s degree at Cal State, Northridge, so I know what that domain of Community psychology knowledge entails.

Community psychology has to do with organizational development and consultation, and teaches approaches to community-based systems interventions to resolve problems in society and with pathology.  For example, a community based intervention might be to address medication management problems with the clinic’s schizophrenic patients by developing a mobile assessment and medication management van that travels to the patient rather than expecting the hallucinating and delusional patient to come to the clinic on a regular basis.

Another example of a Community intervention for a pathology would be what I’m doing with divorcing families in the family courts, altering the response of the family court system to better address a resolution of a psychological pathology in the family (a shared delusional disorder), this represents a Community psychology intervention surrounding that component of my intervention.

Limitations to Education

Dr. Sullivan’s undergraduate degree is in Biology, not Psychology, meaning that he had no educational preparation in any of the knowledge of professional psychology before he began his doctoral studies.  The only coursework in psychology Dr. Sullivan has ever taken is limited to only his doctoral program (and this was forty years ago).  If he did not have a course on a topic during his doctoral training, then Dr. Sullivan has no knowledge of that information from professional psychology.

Dr. Sullivan’s limited education in professional psychology would benefit from additional training and education post-doctorate to compensate for his absence of undergraduate preparation for graduate study in Psychology.

Also of note is that Dr. Sullivan has a Ph.D., not a Psy.D. doctorate degree, so his doctoral study was further divided into coursework on Research methodology, in addition to the Community psychology courses in his program, leaving only minimal time for actual educational coursework in Clinical pathology and treatment.

Contrast in Preparation

By contrast, my undergraduate degree from UCLA is in Psychology, which means I had four years of college courses in the information of Psychology.  Dr. Sullivan has zero.  Generally, a Biology major is focused toward pre-med.  Those students interested in graduate study in Clinical Psychology typically are Psychology majors as undergraduates.  Dr. Sullivan’s preparation for graduate study in Clinical Psychology appears minimal with no prior coursework in Psychology, and no prior clinical experience or placements during his undergraduate study.

For contrast, in addition to my BA in Psychology from UCLA, during this time I also obtained additional clinically related experience with the Suicide Prevention Center in Los Angeles as a Crisis Counselor and shift supervisor, then subsequent work experience in a variety of adult and adolescent psychiatric hospitals, and then a Master’s degree in Community-Clinical psychology all prior to beginning the Psy.D. doctoral program at Pepperdine.  That was all preparation for my doctoral studies.

Dr. Sullivan had none.

Typically, a quality doctoral program in Psychology will require that its students have prior preparation for study in Psychology (i.e., a BA in Psychology and possibly some entry-level placement experiences at group homes or counseling centers).  Dr. Sullivan has an undergraduate degree in Biology, but the University of Maryland overlooked his lack of preparation in Psychology (Biology is called a “related field” – but it’s a weak entry into graduate study requiring substantial catch-up in additional study over the course of the early career).

Dr. Sullivan will need to make up for his lack of preparation for the study of clinical psychology with additional training following the award of his doctoral degree, particularly in treatment since this is the most advanced area of clinical psychology and will therefore be most severely impacted by his inadequate preparation and breadth of study.

My specific psychotherapy training tracks from the Pepperdine Psy.D. doctoral program were family systems therapy and humanistic/existential psychotherapy – i.e., my specialty areas of treatment are from the child and family-oriented school of psychotherapy and from the growth and self-actualization school of psychotherapy – those are my specialty training areas from Pepperdine.  I also sought out additional training as a Gestalt therapist through the Gestalt Institute of LA during my Master’s years.

I wonder what professional orientation Dr. Sullivan works from?

  • Psychoanalytic (Kohut, Stolorow, Tronick, Stern, Bowlby; self psychology)
  • Cognitive Behavioral (B.F. Skinner, learning theory, Beck)
  • Humanistic-Existential (Rogers, Perls, Yalom, Maslow, Frankl)
  • Family Systems Therapy (Minuchin, Bowen, Madanes, Haley, Satir)
  • Social Construction (Solution-Focused; Narrative; Feminist; Cultural)

As a Psy.D. doctorate, I am professionally conversant in all those schools and approaches, and I can work from any of them, my primary advanced domains are family systems therapy and humanistic-existential therapies of growth and self-actualization.

Based on his vitae, Dr. Sullivan’s does not have much coursework or training background in Psychology.  A Bachelor’s degree in Biology provides no training or coursework in Psychology, and Dr. Sullivan apparently went directly from his Bachelor’s degree to his Doctorate program, graduating his Bachelor’s in 1978 and beginning his doctoral studies in 1980.

There appears to be an odd little gap in 1979, he apparently graduated Stanford in 1978 and yet waited a year to begin his doctoral studies in Clinical/Community psychology at U. of Maryland in 1980.  It is typically odd for a Stanford student to take a year off between college and graduate study, they tend to be very linear and goal oriented at that level.  A Biology major at Stanford is often pre-med.  I wonder if he applied for medical school (i.e., his Biology major was pre-med) and he didn’t get in, so he decided to go for a psychology Ph.D. doctorate instead?  I digress in musings.

For a doctorate in Clinical Psychology, Dr. Sullivan appears to have as minimal a preparation as is possible for an established APA accredited education.  His professional credibility will therefore be dependent on the breadth of subsequent training and experience he received following his doctoral degree, since he had no preparation or educational training prior to beginning his brief and diverse doctoral coursework focus.

Dr. Sullivan does not list where he did his year of supervised pre-doctoral internship hours or where he acquired his year of supervised post-doctoral clinical training hours needed for licensure.  That would shed additional light on his training background.

Questions:  Was the pre-doctoral internship APA accredited? (probably).  Was it a child internship? (unknown).  Where was the post-doctoral training year completed? (unknown).   Was it a child post-doc? (unknown).

For contrast; my pre-doctoral internship was at Children’s Hospital of Los Angeles (APA accredited), a child oriented internship, and I did two years of post-doctoral training also at CHLA, an additional two years of child training rotations.  Dr. Sullivan does not report on either his additional pre-doctoral training or his post-doctoral training.  By all appearances, Dr. Sullivan has minimal training and education in professional psychology.

For contrast: Dr. Childress Vitae


Dr. Sullivan next lists his “Honors,” which is an odd choice and is not typical for a professional vitae. The next domain of note for a professional vitae is Work Experience, not “Honors” received.  Typically “Honors” are reported last on the vitae (if at all), not second in importance right behind Education.

When evaluating a professional vitae, the most important areas are Education and Work Experience.  Elevating “Honors” to the preeminent position above actual Work Experience is an odd choice, Honors received is rarely an area of substance (i.e., “Best Handwriting in the Fifth Grade”).

It is an interesting note about Dr. Sullivan that he believes the “Honors” he’s received are are a preeminent aspect of his professional vitae and presentation, not his Work Experience.  The typical order for a professional vitae is: Education – Work Experience – Additional Training Received – Publications/Seminars Provided – Awards (if noted at all).

That Dr. Sullivan would so prominently elevate his “Honors” over actual Work Experience is of note, and interest – what Honors has he received that are so notable in his background for such elevation in their prominence on his vitae?

National Institute of Mental Health Fellowship​, 1980-1981. Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

Wait.  The second most important thing on Dr. Sullivan’s vitae beyond his having a doctorate degree is that he received a fellowship award forty years ago – 40 years ago – while a beginning graduate student?  The professional tone of the vitae is emerging.

Yes, the National Institute of Mental Health is an impressive name to place on a professional vitae – but not for a fellowship award as a beginning graduate student 40 years ago.  High School Penmanship awards do not belong on a professional vitae – especially not as the second most important factor after Education.

When did Dr. Sullivan receive his doctorate degree?  1985.  When did he receive his fellowship award?  1980-81.  He won an award as a student.  Forty years ago.  And that is the top accomplishment listed by Dr. Sullivan on his professional vitae forty years later.

That is a phenomenally minor “Honor” to lead a professional vitae.  He appears to be trying to pad his vitae and take focus off of his Work Experience.

While I certainly laud Dr. Sullivan’s industriousness as a graduate student 40 years ago, I would suggest that it is time to stop resting on that accomplishment as the second most important aspect of your vitae beyond your doctorate degree.  An award that you won as a student 40 years ago does not count now to your professional credit.

What other Honors are so important as to elevate the reporting of his “Honors” received to the second most important thing about Dr. Sullivan’s professional background?

Certificate of Recognition​, in acknowledgement of contributions to the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges Meritorious Service Santa Clara County Family Court, 1994.

Wait.  What?  That is the next most important “Honor” that elevates the domain of professional “Honors” to such prominent reporting – A “Certificate of Recognition” – that’s it?  Someone liked him… twenty five years ago.  That’s nice.  That is hardly an achievement of remarkable professional prominence – that someone liked you 25 years ago.

I have about ten or twelve of those, I typically don’t keep them.  People give them to you as a psychologist when you do something nice for them.  One time I gave a set of seminars to summer camp counselors for Los Angeles County, and the Board of Supervisors gave me a “Certificate of Appreciation” (in lieu of money).

Granted, Dr. Sullivan’s Certificate of Recognition (Recognition? That’s it? Just, “Recognition” – doesn’t seem like much of an “Honor” – “Recognition”) is more recent than his other “Honor” of the fellowship award from 40 years ago that he received as a student, at least this “Recognition” is only twenty-five years ago.

He was apparently recognized for “Meritorious Service” by a group of local-area family court judges.  Meritorious likely means he did something nice for them and they appreciated it.  Congratulations on your “Certificate of Recognition.”  I’m pleased to hear that someone liked Dr. Sullivan 25 years ago, yet that does not actually bear on his professional knowledge or professional qualifications.

With each entry, I’m getting the sense that Dr. Sullivan may be trying to pad his vitae, trying to make it appear more impressive than it actually is.

What’s next for these “Honors” he’s received that are of such prominence that they elevate his Honors higher in importance than his Work Experience?

Certificate of Appreciation,​ in acknowledgement of “exceptional work contributed on behalf of the families and children in Superior Court”, Family Court Services, Santa Clara County, 1995

So if I’m understanding correctly, the following year the same group in the family courts in Santa Clara County once again acknowledged his “exceptional work” with “Appreciation.”  But seriously, a “Certificate of Appreciation” from twenty-five years ago isn’t really much of a professional qualification document.

A vitae is a professional presentation of qualifications.  So far, on the two top domains he has presented, he has presented an Education in which he has minimal preparation (A.B. Biology) and a presentation of “Honors” as his lead-in, that turn out to be empty and vacuous.

A student award from 40 years ago, a “Certificate of Recognition” from 25 years ago and a “Certificate of Appreciation” he received 25 years ago, are not Honors of substance or particular note, especially since they are opening Dr. Sullivan’s professional presentation.

We are in the second most important aspect of his vitae presentation – first he presented his Education – next his Honors – elevating Honors above Work Experience – and so far his elevated Honors are entirely insubstantial and seemingly vacuous entries.

What is the forth and final Honor of such elevated note from Dr. Sullivan?

The Joseph Drown Award Recipient,​ for “Outstanding Services to Children”, the highest honor for an Association of Family and Conciliation Court (AFCC) California chapter member, 2012

An award from a state Chapter of the AFCC professional organization for forensic psychologists and family law attorneys.  That’s it?  Not even an award from the National AFCC, an award from a state Chapter of the AFCC – eight years ago.  Their “highest honor”?  That’s sweet.

How may AFCC members in a state Chapter?  Five?  Twelve?  Twenty? I honestly don’t know.  What do they do, pass the “Award” around among the Chapter members, each one gets it in turn?  Dr. Sullivan’s turn was in 2012 apparently.  Is there a set number of years of Chapter membership that’s required before getting the “highest honor for an AFCC chapter member” to put on their vitae as well?

I wonder if they’ve ever heard of Groupthink?  I doubt it.

I find it odd to have a psychologist touting the value of the Honors bestowed upon him, especially when the Honors are of such vaporous insignificance.  It’s almost like he’s trying to present as important, but he never established the substance of foundational support; i.e., knowledge.

His “Honors” aren’t important, his success at solving things through the application of professional knowledge is what’s important.  What does he know?  I don’t want to know how important you think you are, I want to know what do you know?

What is your background?  What professional information sets do you possess? Do you know autism?   Do you know trauma?  Do you know attachment?  Do you know school-based ADHD and learning disabilities?  Do you know personality disorders?  Do you know psychosis?  Do you know mood disorders?  Do you know child development?  On, and on, and on…

That is the purpose of a professional vitae.  Tell me what you know, what domains of professional information do you know.

By Contrast (Dr. Childress Vitae).

I too break from the traditional presentation of a vitae and delay Work Experience to the third position.  I did this in deference to the Courts for reference when my vitae is submitted to support my qualification as an expert witness for testimony.

I present my Education and then I list a series of recent talks focused on court-involved family conflict.  This orients the Court that in the following mix of clinical psychology Work Experience is an expertise in court-involved family conflict.

A professional vitae should address, “What do you know?” – for this, I orient the Court for my court-involved practice on my first page.  On Page 2, I lead with my Work Experience – each entry represents a domain of pathology, a domain of knowledge, and a domain of professional information sets that I know.  My knowledge is evident in my Work Experience.

Notice that I END my career in Private Practice, that’s not where I started.  I started by working directly with children and family pathology, first one pathology domain, then the next, then the next, trained in each – ADHD & pediatric-medical psychology, school-based behavior problems, autism-spectrum pathology, early childhood mental health, attachment, trauma, complex trauma and child abuse – then Private Practice.

Work Experience on my vitae is then followed by a section for additional training I’ve received following my doctorate degree, primarily in Early Childhood Mental Health. Not training I’ve given, training I’ve received – my knowledge and the source of my knowledge.

I know two additional diagnostic systems beyond the DSM-5 and ICD-10, I know two early childhood attachment therapies (Wait, Watch, and Wonder; Circle of Security), and I have Certification training (not a “Certificate of Appreciation” – Certification training) in Infant Mental Health from Phillips Graduate Institute.

My professional Publications are listed next, followed by my Presentations separated into topic area; court-involved family conflict, early childhood mental health, and Internet psychology.

A professional vitae presents what the professional knows.

Dr. Sullivan’s Honors

Dr. Sullivan’s vitae indicates a lack of preparation in his Education.  He was a Biology major, not a Psychology major, so his pursuit of a Psychology career was his second choice when his initial goal for a Biology major was unsuccessful, and his vitae evidences no other training or placement work experience in Psychology other than his graduate coursework (he does not report on the location for his pre-doctoral and post-doctoral training for licensure hours).

A vitae’s purpose is to present what Dr. Sullivan knows.  His second presentation is of his “Honors” which prove to be four entirely empty and vacuous entries without substance of any kind.

I do not see any merit or professional substance to any of the Honors listed by Dr. Sullivan to his supposed credit, and his vitae is highly suspect for “padding” of his importance that is otherwise insubstantial.


That is another slightly odd twist to the vitae of Dr. Sullivan, normally this is called Experience or Work Experience – I call mine, Employment History – “Positions” is a slightly odd choice of terms for this domain on a professional vitae.

This will be his vitae domain of substance – his Work Experience.  This is the domain of this vitae that will reveal his professional domains of competence.  What is his professional background and training in attachment pathology?  Where did he receive his background and training in family systems therapy, in personality disorders, in complex trauma?

All of this will be reflected in his Work Experience.  What types of pathology has he worked with?  Has he worked with school-based oppositional-defiant children?  With juvenile justice and probation children? With trauma and child abuse children?

His work experience will also reveal where he had his additional training in family systems therapy and in attachment pathology, or his absence of training and background in family systems therapy and attachment pathology – knowledge or ignorance in domains of pathology will be revealed in the Work Experience section of the vitae.

Note, for example, on my vitae I have no Work Experience wth eating disorders or substance abuse treatment.  Those domains are beyond the boundaries of my competence.  Note also, that I have no Work Experience with PTSD in combat veterans, so despite all my knowledge and background in childhood trauma and complex trauma, treating combat veterans for PTSD is beyond my current boundaries of competence (unless I received additional training and consultation support).

A doctoral degree is just a couple of years of coursework covering a lot of areas in a broad pass, and the coverage of Clinical psychology in the coursework is limited, especially in the complexity of differing schools of psychotherapy, and especially when the additional areas of Research and Community psychology are also added to the courseload to be studied in only a couple of years of classes.

Plus that’s just classes, where did Dr. Sullivan learn the application of knowledge?  What is the breadth of training and professional background for Dr. Sullivan?  This will be evidenced in his Work Experience section:

Licensed Psychologist in Private Practice​ – Providing general psychological services to Children, Couples and Families, specializing in Child and Family Forensic Psychology 1990-present

That is it.

That is the entirety of Dr. Sullivan’s professional background training, knowledge, and experience.  He has been a private practice forensic psychologist for the past thirty years.

Notice Dr. Sullivan began his career in Private Practice and has done nothing else, while I ended my career in Private Practice after a multiple variety of professional work experience.

The remainder of Dr. Sullivan’s “Positions” are Appointed positions to various advisory boards, no active assessment, diagnosis, or treatment with any population of pathology. It becomes clear now why he titled this section Positions instead of Work Experience. He has no Work Experience, only the one entry.

When his vitae is correctly re-ordered and re-organized along proper professional lines it becomes:

A.B. Human Biology (1978) Stanford University, Stanford, California
Ph.D. Clinical/Community Psychology (1985) University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

Work Experience:
Licensed Psychologist in Private Practice​ – Providing general psychological services to Children, Couples and Families, specializing in Child and Family Forensic Psychology 1990-present

That’s it.  That is the entirety of Dr. Sullivan’s professional vitae.  The rest is his pontification of his opinions in various formats, his opinion in writing (Publication) and his opinion in words (Presentations) but his entire opinion is based on his Education and Work Experience – his knowledge base.

And that’s it.  Dr. Sullivan’s vitae is many pages long, but it is only two entries of substance, the rest is padding.

Not a single article is any actual research, all of them are merely pontificating opinion pieces not grounded in any established domain of professional psychology (attachment, family systems therapy, complex trauma and personality disorders, or child development research).  All of his professional opinions are based entirely on his Education and Work Experience – and that’s it – those two entries are the entirety of Dr. Sullivan’s vitae.

He graduated with his Ph.D. in ’85, he did a year of pre-doc and a year of post-doc that he doesn’t list, that’s to 1988 maybe, he lists private practice since 1990 – that is all he has ever done – the only thing Dr. Sullivan has ever done are these child custody evaluations of forensic psychology – $20,000 to $40,000 and six- to nine-months to complete – that and perhaps “reunification therapy” (there is no such thing).

He has no background experience with:

  • Attachment pathology
  • Family systems therapy
  • Personality disorders
  • Complex trauma
  • Child development research

Nothing.  Dr. Sullivan has no professional background training or education in any of those domains – despite his court-involved work with attachment pathology – family conflict – personality disorder pathology – complex trauma – and child development.

Yet he has no background professional training or knowledge in any of those areas of professional psychology.  That is a problem.  That means for the past 30 years, Dr. Sullivan has apparently not had the professional knowledge needed for the task he was undertaking.

That is not good.  Standard 2.01 Boundaries of Competence becomes relevant.  I’m not seeing from those two entries on his vitae, Education and Work Experience, that Dr. Sullivan has the professional background, education, and experience to be working with attachment pathology, or family conflict, or even children.

He is a solo practitioner – private practice – his entire career, no oversight, no supervision, no training in any form of pathology, not attachment pathology, not complex trauma, not personality disorders, nothing – just child custody evaluations. Probably a lot of those.

Apparently conducting child custody evaluations and doing some form of treatment (currently from a non-specified approach) with court-involved family conflict is the only thing Dr. Sullivan has done.  It is unclear what treatment approaches and models Dr. Sullivan has been trained in (and where), and it does not appear that Dr. Sullivan possesses any domain of professional competence beyond his limited custody evaluation domain of “forensic” psychology.

If accurate, that would be troubling.

To NOT possess professional background training and experience in attachment pathology when assessing, diagnosing, and treating attachment pathology would be deeply troubling.

To NOT possess professional background training and experience in family systems therapy when assessing, diagnosing, and treating the complexity of family conflict would be deeply troubling.

To NOT possess professional background training and experience in personality disorder pathology and complex trauma when assessing, diagnosing, and treating personality disorder pathology and complex trauma would similarly be deeply troubling.

To NOT possess background training and experience in child development when assessing, diagnosing, and treating issues of child development would be immensely troubling.

And the additional question emerges, in thirty years of professional practice, why didn’t Dr. Sullivan ever even try to obtain any of this knowledge?  Is it mere laziness?  Does he think this knowledge from professional psychology isn’t relevant to the pathology he’s treating that he doesn’t even need to know the knowledge?

Does he believe that he doesn’t need to know family systems therapy to assess, diagnose, and treat family conflict?  That understanding Minuchin and Bowen is not relevant?

Does he believe that he doesn’t need to know about the attachment system when assessing, diagnosing, and treating the worst attachment pathology possible, a complete breach to the parent-child attachment bond?

Does he believe that he does not need to know and apply the knowledge domains from personality disorder pathology when assessing, diagnosing, and treating the impact of parental personality disorder pathology in the family?

Does he believe that he does not need to know the research on child development when assessing, diagnosing, and treating problems in child development?

Or is he just lazy and slothful through 30 years of professional practice, to never have bothered to learn and apply any of this information from professional psychology?

I’ll allow Dr. Sullivan to provide his reasoning regarding his apparent professional sloth.

Google ignorance: lack of knowledge or information

  • Is Dr. Sullivan ignorant about attachment pathology?  Apparently from his vitae, he is.
  • Is Dr. Sullivan ignorant about family systems therapy?  Apparently from his vitae, he is.
  • Is Dr. Sullivan ignorant about complex trauma and personality disorder pathology?  Apparently from his vitae, he is.
  • Is Dr. Sullivan ignorant about child development research?  Apparently from his vitae, he is.

His vitae indicates an absence of knowledge in all of these domains of professional psychology – i.e., he is ignorant about many things that he should know in order to work with children and family conflict.

Boundaries of Competence

At this point, the issue of relevance becomes Dr. Sullivan’s compliance with Standards 2.01, 2.03, and 2.04 of the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct of the American Psychological Association regarding Boundaries of Competence and the application of professional knowledge.

It is not evident from Dr. Sullivan’s offered vitae that he possesses the necessary professional competence to work with attachment pathology, family conflict pathology, personality disorder pathology and complex trauma, and it does not appear that he has  proper educational background and training in domains of child development necessary for working with children.

All I am seeing is a doctorate degree from 35 years ago, and then a solo private practice ever since.  That is it in its entirety, Dr. Sullivan’s professional substance, that sentence.

That is the entirety of Dr. Sullivan’s professional vitae; two entries.

A.B. Human Biology (1978) Stanford University, Stanford, California
Ph.D. Clinical/Community Psychology (1985) University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

Work Experience:
Licensed Psychologist in Private Practice​ – Providing general psychological services to Children, Couples and Families, specializing in Child and Family Forensic Psychology 1990-present

The remainder is of no substance.  Let’s continue.

Appointment to Task Forces, ​Commissioned by the Association of Family and Conciliation Courts on practice guidelines for Parenting Coordinators and Special Masters, June 2001, reappointment, September, 2003, Re-appointed, 2017.

The remainder of his “Positions” are merely “Appointments” to various advisory task-forces, none of which involves any actual assessment, diagnosis, or treatment of pathology.

Dr. Sullivan is apparently active in the AFCC constructing the “parenting coordinator” system within the family courts.  By contrast, in clinical psychology there is no role other than a clinical psychologist.  We don’t need an additional role other than a clinical psychologist.  Apparently, in forensic psychology they construct new roles, and Dr. Sullivan is a participant in that role construction.

Why do we need “parenting coordinators”?  Why not just a family therapist?  Why do they need a new role?

Yet, his “Appointment” to an AFCC commissioned “task force” to develop the role of “parenting coordinators” in the family courts does not actually involve the assessment, diagnosis, or treatment of any child or family pathology.  Being on a “task force” is little more than pontificating opinions in a group of like-minded individuals.

Dr. Sullivan’s vitae appears to be a lot of emptiness without much actual substance.  “Appointment” to a “task force” is not Work Experience.  It begins to become evident why this section is called Positions and not Work Experience.

Appointment​ to represent the American Psychological Association (APA) to the APA/American Bar Association Collaborative Working Group on Psychological and Legal Interventions with Parents, Children and Families, January, 2007.

Again, an “Appointment” to a “working group” is not Work Experience.  Dr. Sullivan is apparently involved with the AFCC and their hierarchies of professional standing.  His involvement with the AFCC appears to extend into an advisory involvement with the APA.

Appointment to Co-Chair​ the Task Force commissioned by the Association of Family and Conciliation Courts on the Professional Practice guidelines for court-involved therapists, June, 2008

Again, another “Appointment” to a “Position,” not actual work experience with any type of child or family pathology- “commissioned” by the AFCC.

Beyond his private practice as a “forensic” psychologist – he has no other actual work experience with children or families.  Apparently he is prominently involved in the AFCC professional circles, with extensions into a variety of “task forces” and “working groups” over the past 30 years (of providing no solution whatsoever within the family courts for these families).

So if I understand correctly, apparently Dr. Sullivan is lauding his active and involved consultation and advisory influence through 30 years of seemingly abject failure to solve anything in the family courts.  An interesting assertion of “qualifications,” to assert when everything is broken that, “I served on the advisory working groups that created this professional court-involved mess.”


Just so everyone is aware, I’m calling Scoreboard on Dr. Sullivan’s vitae, 30 years of abject failure is not a recommendation. Among sports fans, an end to all circular debate on woulda-coulda-shoulda is “Scoreboard,” who won and who lost.

Is everything all-wonderful in court-involved family conflict?  No, it is a complete mess.  Dr. Sullivan has had 30 years of alleged influence in shaping exactly this current complete failure of professional psychology to solve anything in the family courts.  Thirty years, complete failure, and Dr. Sullivan is holding this failure to his supposed credit.

I would see it a little differently than Dr. Sullivan.  I don’t think it’s to his credit that he’s been an abject failure for 30 years.  I’ll allow him to argue that the current mental health system in court involved pathology is successful for families and children in restoring normal-range and healthy childhoods to the children.

Dr. Sullivan is admitting his advisory involvement in a system that has been an abject failure – and his ONLY professional involvement for the past 30 years has been this court-involved family conflict pathology.  That’s all he’s done, and it’s been a complete failure to solve anything for the child, for the family, or for the courts.

So… how’s it going, Dr. Sullivan?  Do you have it all solved yet, in 30 years, Dr. Sullivan? How much more time are you estimating you’ll need until things are entirely solved for these children and families in the courts?  Another 30 years?

Because if it’s not solved in the 30 years of your advisory guidance… then maybe we should consult someone else for guidance.  Thirty years of abject failure is not a professional qualification.

Consultant​American Psychological Association Parenting Coordination Program in Washington, D.C. 2008-2011

Of note is Dr. Sullivan’s self-acknowledgement of his extension and influence into the APA in an advisory capacity.  The ethical standards of practices in forensic psychology need OUTSIDE review – they should NOT be allowed to self-review.

It appears that generally, Dr. Sullivan is presenting himself as an active Consultant and advisor to the policies of the family courts throughout the decade of the 2000s, and I would assume through the decade of the 2010s as well.

The current system within forensic psychology and the family courts is apparently of his construction, which he appears to hold to his credit, the current forensic psychology approach to child and family conflict and attachment bonding pathology – he apparently thinks the system is working well and he’s taking credit for it.

I don’t agree at all.  It is an absolute mess.   And yet he’s proudly reporting his advisory role in creating what we currently have… a complete mess.

Appointment​ to Task Force commissioned by the Association for Conflict Resolution (ACR) to develop ethical and training guidelines for the practice of Eldercare Coordination, 2013-2015

Another “Appointment,” another task force, this during this past decade.  Dr. Sullivan appears to present himself as influential in shaping policy (“eldercare”? He has geriatric background somewhere?).

Founder/Owner: California Coparenting Clinic​ – a clinic providing low-cost co-parenting services to clients and training to professionals, 2014-2016

This seems to be basically re-stating his private practice, offering a slight extension into some sort of “low-cost” clinic that apparently failed (2014-2016).  A failed effort to establish a personal clinic (Owner) also seems a dubious professional “qualification.”

Associate Member: ​ American Psychological Association Ethics Committee, 2017-2019

That’s interesting. Dr. Sullivan was on the APA Ethics Committee that received the Petition to the APA signed by 20,000 parents seeking examination of professional ethical standards of practice in forensic psychology.

What has been the response of the APA Ethics Committee to the Petition to the APA signed by over 20,000 parents seeking review of the ethical practices in forensic psychology?  Silence – two years – absolute silence.

Perhaps we should ask Dr. Sullivan for a response, since he was on the APA Ethics Committee that received the Petition to the APA.

Also of note is that the Petition to the APA was also delegated to a “Working Group” headed by Dr. Deutsch, a forensic psychologist professional colleague of Dr. Sullivan (Dr. Deutsch: Working Group).  What has been the response of the “Working Group” to the Petition to the APA signed by 20,000 parents?  Silence – two years – absolute silence.

APA: Collusion with Child Abuse

Since Dr. Sullivan is so clearly concerned about ethical issues, I’m confident he’ll respond to the many ethical concerns surrounding the practices of child custody evaluations and forensic psychology: Dr. Sullivan & the AFCC.

But Dr. Sullivan’s participation on another “working group” or “task force” is not actual clinical experience, no assessment, no diagnosis, no treatment of anything.

That’s it.  That is the professional knowledge, training, and background professional experience of Dr. Sullivan.  He obtained a doctorate degree in 1985, he entered private practice as a forensic psychologist in 1990, has been doing only that for thirty years, and he proposes that he has been influential in developing and is responsible for the current mental health response to court-involved family conflict.

Is there any evidence of background professional knowledge, training, or experience with attachment pathology in children?  No.

Is there any evidence of background professional knowledge, training, or experience with family systems therapy?  No.

Is there any evidence of background professional knowledge, training, or experience with personality disorder pathology, complex trauma, and delusional disorders?  No.

Is there any evidence of background professional knowledge in child development?  No.

  • Attachment: Bowlby, Ainsworth, Sroufe, Fonagy
  • Family Systems Therapy: Minuchin, Bowen, Madanes, Haley, Satir
  • Personality Disorders & Complex Trauma: Beck, Kernberg, Millon, Linehan, van der Kolk
  • Child Development: Tronick, Stern, Shore, Kohut

There is no evidence of any background in any area of pathology.  Dr. Sullivan appears to have worked solely with court-involved family conflict for the past 30 years.

I wonder what his success rate is?  How often does his involvement resolve things?  In 30 years, surely he has Outcome Measures – a treatment plan – Goals, Interventions, Outcome Measures, Time-Frames.  Surely in 30 years of practice, Dr. Sullivan has collected Outcome Measures.

In thirty years of practice I’m confident he has those numbers, although, curiously, he’s never reported on his success rate in treatment, or with his “custody evaluations.”  In what percentage of family conflicts does his involvement resolve the matter successfully for the child and family?  I wonder what Outcome Measures he uses?

Dr. Sullivan next turns with his vitae to his teaching positions.

Faculty Appointments:

Lecturer/Assistant Professor​ – Pacific Graduate School of Psychology, 1991-1998

Clinical Instructor ​- Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1992-1998

Dr. Sullivan did some minor teaching twenty years ago, in the decade when he first got going, but nothing since 2000, this domain is insubstantial.

Pacific Graduate institute is a lower-tier professional school (not a Psychology program located in an established University), and “Lecturer” and “Assistant Professor” is a low-level position.

Stanford is a higher-order University, but the position of a “Clinical Instructor” is of dubious role – not Professor, not Assistant Professor, not Lecturer – a “Clinical Instructor,” I’d want further clarification if it was relevant, but from 20 years ago, neither of his teaching positions are relevant experience.

Professional Licenses:

Dr. Sullivan is apparently a licensed psychologist in California, and had a brief licensure period in Vermont.

Licensed Psychologist​, April 1987 – Present
California Board of Medical Quality Assurance, License Number: PSY10214
Vermont Board of Psychology, 2014-2016 # 048.0101834

Professional Organizations:

Nothing of note.  Dr. Sullivan belongs to the APA and AFCC.  The vitae at this point is devolved to nothingness.

Member: American Psychological Association; Association of Family and Conciliation Courts

Editorial Boards:

Dr. Sullivan also indicates his prominence and influence during the decade of the 2000s in guiding child custody policy for the family courts during that period.

Editor​: Journal of Child Custody, 2003-2013

Apparently, Dr. Sullivan views the child custody situation during that period speaks to his favor, I’m not confident of that.  Being an influential figure in failure is not to one’s credit, it will be to Dr. Sullivan to defend how the policies of child custody from 2003-2013 are to his credit in influence and guidance, resulting in a successful family court approach to sustained and highly litigated family conflict during that period.

Acknowledging one’s role in creating failure is typically not seen as a professional qualification to one’s credit.  I’ll allow Dr. Sullivan to argue the success of forensic psychology and the family courts over the past two decades of his active involvement and advisory guidance.

Organizational Boards:

Dr. Sullivan cites active participation in the AFCC during this past decade, serving on several boards in a variety of capacities.  Of note is that none of this involves the actual assessment, diagnosis, or treatment of any pathology.

Dr. Sullivan presents as being active in the AFCC, which he apparently deems to his credit.  As a court-involved clinical psychologist, I have many-many ethical concerns surrounding the practice of forensic psychology and the AFCC, so I look forward to hearing a response from such as forensically well-positioned source as Dr. Sullivan to my concerns: Dr Sullivan & the AFCC; Standard 9.01 Assessment

Director: Association of Family and Conciliation Courts International Board of Directors, appointed 2009; Conference chair, 2013 to present, Treasurer, 2014-16; Secretary, 2016, Vice President, 2017, Executive Committee, 2014 to present.

Director: Association of Family and Conciliation Courts, California Chapter Board of Directors, 2012-2016

Founder, President Overcoming Barriers, a non-profit organization providing  innovative ​programs for high-conflict post-divorce families, 2007-present. 2012-2014 ​​.

Two things are troubling about the Overcoming Barriers entry even before we reach an examination of what the Overcoming Barriers program is…

1.) Sloppy Professional Work

Note his original posted vitae – the word President is out of place and I needed to clean it up for the sake of proper coherence.  Note also a confusing set of dates reported, one from 2007 to present and one from 2012-2014 without clear referent to meaning of either.

If the treatment “program” was initiated in 2007, then the current claim on his vitae that a program from 2007 is “innovative” is bizarre.  After 13 years, a program is no longer “innovative,” and substantial Outcome Research is anticipated documenting its success.

Dorcy Pruter has single-case ABA data on the effectiveness of the High Road workshop, and she’s not a psychologist.  She’s a businesswoman and family coach.  I would expect licensed psychologists with 30 years of professional experience to at least meet the standard of professional work (outcome measures) set by a businesswoman and family coach, and expected from a psychologist as standard of practice.

I have not yet reviewed the “outcome data” for the Overcoming Barriers program, but I am less than optimistic based on my initial approach and understanding for the scope and nature of the reported data.

For a program as proposed by Overcoming Barriers, it would be anticipated to have outcome data within two years showing efficacy… in thirteen years… there should be substantial data demonstrating treatment success rates and contributing factors.  I will review the Overcoming Barriers program separately.

With regard to Dr. Sullivan’s professional vitae, incoherence on one’s professional vitae presented publicly through your professional website is simply sloppy professional attention and it does not reflect well on Dr. Sullivan’s standards of practice; he’s sloppy and inattentive (and potentially lazy and slothful in his acquisition of knowledge and study).  A professional vitae is a representation of the professional, and it is notable when it contain episodes of incoherence and sloppy work.  That is a reflection on the professional practices of its owner.

2.) “Innovative” is a troubling adjective for Dr. Sullivan to use.  The necessary and typical adjective use is “successful” – a successful intervention.  The substitution of the term “innovative” is of professional concern.  Innovative is not a good thing – professional practice is grounded in the established knowledge of professional psychology.  An “innovative” failure is not a good thing – it is not described as “innovative,” it’s described as a failure.  There are many-many innovative new ways to fail.  It’s not the innovative part that’s important, it’s the success or failure part.

If Dr. Sullivan’s Overcoming Barriers program has been available throughout this past decade, from 2007 until present, then I would imagine there is substantial evidence by now that it is not only “innovative” (since 2007?  How is something from 2007 “innovative”?) but also “successful.”

I will be examining the Overcoming Barriers program separately so I will reserve observations on this program pending a more complete review of the outcome data from the past 13 years of reported operation (2007 to present).


The next area are his Books and Articles, we are nearing the end of the vitae presentation when we reach the books and publications sections. This is an entirely fluff and no-substance area on the vitae… EXCEPT… for a Research vitae.  For a university research vitae like Dr. Nuechterlein, Dr. Swanson, or Dr. van der Kolk, the Publications section is the full strength of the vitae, with Work Experience in the second role.

Publications are relevant to research, if it’s not research, it’s an opinion, that’s it.

In a non-research vitae, if the rest of the vitae supports the presence of acquired knowledge, then the titles of the Publications will indicate the scope and degree of professional knowledge and interests, but for a non-research vitae that’s the extent of the value for Publications if they are not research articles .

Dr. Sullivan lists one co-authored book from 2015 regarding parenting skills recommendations (he was third author), a list of Book Chapters, and then a host of opinion-piece articles from over the years, but no actual research.

Which is somewhat odd.  In thirty years of active involvement with the pathology, including over a decade for some form of treatment intervention, yet Dr. Sullivan has not generated a single research study in all that time?

Again, by comparison, Dorcy Pruter, a businesswoman and family coach, not a licensed psychologist with a Ph.D. degree, has generated single-case ABA data of her workshop’s successful recovery of a child from three years of documented child abuse.  In 30 years of practice in forensic psychology, Dr. Sullivan does not appear to have reached the level of professional practice (outcome measures and program evaluation research) adopted by Dorcy Pruter.

That speaks to the professional practices of each.

He concludes with a lot of presentations he’s given, and notable by absence are the seminars and trainings he’s received.  Dr, Sullivan lists the many times he’s presented his opinions to others, but he does not indicate what additional training he has received.

Given Dr. Sullivan’s minimal preparation in Psychology as an undergraduate before beginning his divided-scope doctoral degree program, followed by exclusively solo Private Practice, the absence of any substantial additional training of substance is not reassuring regarding the basis for his professional knowledge regarding established domains of professional psychology; attachment, family systems therapy, personality disorders, complex trauma, child development.

Google ignorance: the lack of knowledge or information

Based on the absence of evidence for any domain of professional knowledge (besides “forensic” psychology) from his professional vitae, the question becomes the scope of Dr. Sullivan’s ignorance (i.e., lack of knowledge or information).  Is he ignorant about attachment pathology?  Is he ignorant about family systems therapy?  Is he ignorant about personality disorder pathology?  Is he ignorant about complex trauma, delusional thought disorder pathology, and child psychological abuse?  Is he ignorant about child development research?

The remaining question based on Dr. Sullivan’s vitae is what is the scope of his apparent ignorance (lack of knowledge or information)?

In summary, all Dr. Sullivan’s publications and presentations are entirely opinion pieces, apparently applying forensic psychology constructs but no established knowledge from any domain of established professional psychology – no attachment constructs, no family systems therapy constructs, no knowledge or constructs from complex trauma or personality disorders, and no applied knowledge from child development research.

A word search for relevant terms from established psychology in his Publications produced the following results:

  • Attachment: 0
  • Family systems therapy: 0
  • Cross-generational coalition: 0
  • Emotional cutoff: 0
  • Differentiation of self: 0
  • Personality disorder: 0
  • Narcissistic: 0
  • Borderline: 0
  • Splitting: 0
  • Complex trauma: 0
  • Breach-and-repair: 0
  • Cognitive dissonance: 0
  • Transference: 0
  • Trans-generational trauma: 0
  • Persecutory delusion: 0
  • Mental Status Exam: 0
  • Thought disorder: 0
  • Self-object functions: 0
  • Emotional regulation: 0
  • Role-reversal: 0
  • Intersubjectivity: 0
  • Regulatory object: 0
  • Child Psychological Abuse: 0

In 30 years of writing about court-involved family conflict – not once did Dr. Sullivan apply any of those established constructs in his opinion-analyses of the court-involved family conflict pathology.

Based on his vitae, pehaps it is because he doesn’t know any of those constructs.

This would appear to violate Standard 2.04 of the APA ethics code Bases for Scientific and Professional Judgements:

2.04 Bases for Scientific and Professional Judgments
Psychologists’ work is based upon established scientific and professional knowledge of the discipline. (See also Standards 2.01e, Boundaries of Competence, and 10.01b, Informed Consent to Therapy.)

The established scientific and professional knowledge of the discipline is Bowlby (attachment), Minuchin (family systems therapy), Beck (personality disorders), van der Kolk (complex trauma), Tronick (child development), and Kohut (self psychology).

In 30 years of writing about court-involved family conflict, Dr. Sullivan apparently did not apply any area of professional knowledge even a single time… in 30 years.

I will not append the five pages of opinion-piece articles, book chapters, and presentations provided on Dr. Sullivan’s vitae and will instead refer the reader to the source material available from his website.

Professional Analysis

Dr. Sullivan’s vitae presents an unfocused Ph.D. doctorate and immediate private practice with no evidence of training in any form of psychotherapy, in child development, or in child pathology and family therapy.  The substance of Dr. Sullivan’s vitae is entirely contained in two entries:

A.B. Human Biology (1978) Stanford University, Stanford, California
Ph.D. Clinical/Community Psychology (1985) University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

Work Experience:
Licensed Psychologist in Private Practice​ – Providing general psychological services to Children, Couples and Families, specializing in Child and Family Forensic Psychology 1990-present

Dr. Sullivan’s undergraduate degree was in Biology, so the only Psychology courses he has ever taken were limited to his doctoral program, and these courses were divided between Research methodology, Community psychology, and Clinical psychology.  He seemingly has only the minimal level of training needed for a doctoral degree.  Dr. Sullivan does not provide an indication of his pre-doctoral or post-doctoral training sites.

Upon licensure, Dr. Sullivan immediately entered private practice and then forensic psychology and that has apparently been his sole domain of experience for the past 30 years.  He has not worked with any other child or family pathology – not trauma – not attachment – not oppositional-defiant pathology in the schools, not juvenile justice, not autism-spectrum or ADHD.

Private practice in forensic court-involved family conflict for the past 30 years.  That appears to be the extent of Dr. Sullivan’s professional experience.

He also asserts prominence in his advisory role in developing the mental health policies within forensic psychology that represent the current mental health approach.  As to whether this is to his credit or detriment depends on one’s assessment of the current situation in the family courts.

If things are solved and functioning well, then Dr. Sullivan’s advisory guidance is to his credit – and – if things are not solved and are not functioning well after 30 years of his active advisory guidance – then a different approach is needed toward a soution… 30 years, no solution – Scoreboard, we need to develop a different approach to solution than the one advocated by Dr. Sullivan for the past 30 years that leads to this current situation of no solution.

I have deep reservations about the ethical standards of practice for child custody evaluations, it is a deeply flawed approach that violates multiple standards of ethical practice, including a foundational Principle of ethical practice; Justice – equal access and equal quality.

I have noted my prominent ethical concerns elsewhere (Dr. Sullivan & the AFCC) and I still await any response from Dr. Sullivan, the AFCC, and the APA.  Dr. Sullivan indicates he was recently a two-year Associate Member of the APA Ethics Committee and he is the President of the AFCC, so I’m confident that Dr. Sullivan will address the ethical concerns surrounding the practices of forensic psychology and child custody evaluations.

Associate Member: ​ American Psychological Association Ethics Committee, 2017-2019

Wait.  When was the Petition to the APA submitted?  2018.  I was told by the APA representative we delivered it to that she would additionally submit it to the APA Ethics Committee.  The Petition to the APA, signed by over 20,000 parents raising ethical concerns about forensic psychology was given to the Ethics Committee with Dr. Sullivan as an Associate Member.  Interesting.

What has been the response in two years from the APA Ethics Committee to the Petition to the APA signed by over 20,000 parents?  Silence.

There needs to be independent review of the professional practices in forensic psychology.  I am awaiting reply to my professional ethical concerns, raised pursuant to Standards 1.04 and 1.05 of the APA ethics code.

There needs to be outside review of the ethical standards of practice in forensic psychology.


I do not see from his vitae that Dr. Sullivan has the necessary professional knowledge in attachment pathology, family systems therapy, complex trauma, personality disorder pathology, delusional disorders, or child development necessary for competent professional practice with attachment pathology, with complex and high-intensity family conflict pathology, with personality disorder and delusional pathology, or with children.

It is also unclear what training he has had in psychotherapy beyond his doctoral coursework.  It is currently unclear what treatment orientation he applies, psychoanalytic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic-existential, family systems, or social constructionist.  It is nowhere evident from his vitae that he received any training in any of these established forms of psychotherapy.

The apparent absence of training or application from any established school of professional psychology makes the assertion by Dr. Sullivan of an “innovative approach” to treatment in his Overcoming Barriers program all the more troubling, since it is not yet clear that Dr. Sullivan understands and applies any established approach to psychotherapy yet.

In professional psychology, we start with established approaches to psychotherapy – psychoanalytic (Kohut; self psychology; Kernberg, Bowlby, Stern, Tronick) – humanistic/existential (Rogers, Yalom, Perls, Maslow, Satir, Oaklander) – cognitve-behavioral (Skinner, learning theory, Applied Behavioral Analysis, Functional Behavioral Analysis, Beck, Linehan) – family systems (Minuchin, Bowen, Madanes, Haley) – social construction (solution-focused, narrative, cultural, feminist).

First, apply knowledge, apply standard and established approaches to case conceptualization and treatment.  Then, if the established approaches don’t work (they will work) – then, an “innovative” approach can be tried under data-collection circumstances of “novel” treatments.

Apply knowledge first.  Always.  For family conflict, family systems therapy (Minuchin, Bowen, Madanes, Haley) is the appropriate treatment model to apply.  Do that first.  Then, if family systems therapy is not effective and an “innovative” treatment is needed, develop it and collect data on its efficacy relative to standard family systems therapy.

The only entry for Work Experience on the vitae of Dr. Sullivan is 30 years of Private Practice.  All the other material in his vitae is not-of-substance, fluff and filler to make his vitae appear larger than just the two entries of substance.

A.B. Human Biology (1978) Stanford University, Stanford, California
Ph.D. Clinical/Community Psychology (1985) University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

Work Experience:
Licensed Psychologist in Private Practice​ – Providing general psychological services to Children, Couples and Families, specializing in Child and Family Forensic Psychology 1990-present

I am not convinced that Dr. Sullivan possesses the necessary professional competence and knowledge in the necessary domains of professional psychology needed for the treatment of my client, and I will be recommending against the referral of my client to his care and treatment.

If treatment is extended to Dr. Sullivan despite my recommendation, then I will recommend a written treatment plan with the following components to ensure adequate professional treatment is provided:

Case Conceptualization Diagnosis: Preferably drawn from family systems therapy, solution-focused therapy, schema therapy, and emotion-focused therapy;

Categorical Diagnoses: Both a DSM-5 diagnosis and an ICD-10 diagnosis;

Goals: Specified with measurable outcomes and time-frames for Goal accomplishment;

Interventions: Specified Interventions for each Goal; with consideration given to Interventions drawn from family systems therapy, schema therapy, emotion-focused therapy, solution-focused therapy, self psychology, DBT, attachment and child development research;

Outcome Measures: To identify benchmark progress, and Goal accomplishment;

Time-Frames: Specified for benchmark and Goal accomplishment,

Consultation Support: I’d recommend the consultation support of Dorcy Pruter with the treatment team, relative to complex trauma recovery from psychological child abuse in children and families.

However, a referral to Dr. Sullivan for the treatment of attachment pathology and delusional trauma pathology is not warranted by the professional background evidenced for Dr. Sullivan that lacks both evidenced knowledge and experience with attachment pathology, complex trauma, and delusional pathology in a parent-child bond.

Craig Childress, Psy.D.
Clinical Psychologist, PSY 18857

Kohut: Self Psychology

I have opened five grand-high Kahunas of professional psychology,

  1.  John Bowlby: attachment
  2.  Savador Minuchin: family systems therapy
  3.  Aaron Beck: CBT & personality disorders
  4.  Bessel van der Kolk: complex trauma
  5.  Edward Tronick: child development

I am now going to open a sixth, Heinz Kohut: Psychoanalytic school; Self Psychology, Object Relations.

Heinz Kohut’s Self Psychology: An Overview

As the article notes, Kohut was twice named by peer nomination and accolade to the list of prominent accomplishment in the field .

Heinz Kohut is a psychoanalyst.  The psychoanalytic school is one of the four primary schools of psychotherapy

  • Psychoanalytic
  • Humanistic-Existential
  • Cognitive-Behavioral
  • Family Systems

The psychoanalytic school was formed and grounded by Freud, extended in different directions by Klien, Mahler, Erikson, Jung, and others, through personality disorders and Kernberg, and object relations to Winnicott and Bowlby.

And then into Kohut.  Heinz Kohut is the current state of the psychoanalytic school; Kohut, elaborated by Stolorow, extended into Bowlby, Stern and Tronick.  This is the current psychoanalytic school, and this is the sixth grand-high Kahuna of professional psychology I am calling.

Heinz Kohut.  Self Psychology; Object Relations.

Key Constructs?

  • Modulated “optimal frustration”
  • Self-objects
  • Transference relationships
  • Transmuting internalizations
  • Parental failure of empathy

I’ve known Kohut all along.  Forensic psychology is dumb as a rock.  I wanted to lay foundation – Bowlby, Minuchin, Beck – then context – van der Kolk, Tronick .

Only once we are free of the pathogen, will I reach Heinz Kohut and Self Psychology.

The parents are free now, they have Minuchin, the ICD-10, and the APA ethics code.  They have surrounding support in attachment, complex trauma, and the breach-and-repair sequence.

They have the assessment protocol (Assessment of Attachment-Related Pathology Surrounding Divorce), and they have alternative options (ABAB Single-Case Assessment and Remedy; the Contingent Visitation Schedule).

Parents have the Escher Paradox of the Diagnostic Checklist for Pathogenic Parenting to identify allies of the pathogen, they have the Parenting Practices Rating Scale to document their parenting and protect themselves from false allegations.  Everyone has the Parent-Child Relationship Rating Scale as the outcome measure for the pathology.

If there is any concern about the child’s recovery, Dorcy Pruter is available and recommended; Conscious Co-Parenting Institute.

Everyone has everything they need.  It’s just a matter of do you want a solution or not?  If you want to argue and fight, and fight, and fight, you will. When you want a solution… do it.

I am free now of my obligations.

Now, we’ve reached Heinz Kohut: Self Psychology; Object Relations

  • John Bowly is attachment
  • Aaron Beck is CBT
  • B.F. Sinner is behavioral psychology
  • Salvador Minuchin is family systems therapy
  • Heinz Kohut is psychoanalysis

The top-tier of grand-high Kahunas in the pantheon of professional psychology, sculpt a mountain.

Craig Childress, Psy.D.
Clinical Psychologist, PSY 18857

Dr. Childress Vitae

I will be examining the vitaes of the professionals surrounding court-involved family conflict and attachment pathology.  I will begin with my own.

I am entering a period of court testimony.  It is the obligation of the court to evaluate my credibility.  In some cases, I may be testifying in opposition to other asserted “experts” both in forensic psychology (such as the “child custody evaluator” or “reunification therapist” – there is no such thing) or a Gardernian PAS experts, such as Dr. Bernet, Ms. Woodall, Ms. Baker, Ms. Gottlieb, or Dr. Lorandos.

In many cases, our opinions and our testimony will disagree.  The courts will need to make a determination of our respective credibility when our opinions disagree.  Credibility is grounded in vitae, in one’s professional education, training, and experience – this is represented on the professional vitae.

Most non-psychologists cannot read a professional psychology vitae for its substance, areas of fluff and insubstantial entries can be misinterpreted as having more value than they actually convey.  In addition, the background training, education, and experience with specific pathologies speaks to the Boundaries of Competence of the mental health professional (Standard 2.01a of the APA ethics code), which bears again directly on credibility in opinions formed and offered about a specific type of pathology.

The final area of concern addressed by this review of professional vitaes is potential exploitation of a vulnerable population, parents in court-involved child custody conflicts who are in desperate need of professional diagnosis and treatment.  Self-asserted “expertise” by charlatans and frauds preys on this vulnerable population, it is time to review asserted professional “expertise” for accuracy and truthfulness.

In my peer-review of professional vitaes I am also open myself to this same peer-review from my colleagues.  I welcome and invite this peer-review of my professional background as appropriate for establishing both my credibility and my boundaries of professional competence.

I will start with a review of my professional vitae. This will stand as both my offer of professional credibility in my professional opinions and will serve as comparison when I review the professional vitaes of my colleagues.

This is my vitae review for myself, Dr. Childress.

Structure of My Vitae Presentation

I organized my professional vitae into four main domains, and I will discuss each area in turn;

1.)  Entry Orientation Page

2.)  Work Experience

3.)  Training Received

4.)  Training Provided

Of first note is that my doctoral degree is a Psy.D. (Doctor of Psychology) not a Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy).  I am specialized in my education and training on clinical psychology, pathology, and its diagnosis and treatment.   This has implications.

Psy.D vs. Ph.D. Vitaes

Many doctoral vitaes have a Research section, I don’t.  My doctoral degree is a Psy.D. not a Ph.D.  This means that I sacrificed the Research side of my vitae for increased education, training, and knowledge about pathology and treatment.  Instead of receiving doctoral training in research methodology and statistics as does a Ph.D doctoral student, a Psy.D. doctorate replaces the research and statistics training with additional education and training in pathology and its treatment.

This makes the Psy.D. doctorate the most advanced pathology and treatment degree possible, more advanced regarding pathology and its treatment than a Ph.D. degree in clinical psychology.

A Psy.D. will never hold major university appointments because we sacrificed the research side of our vitaes, and hence any chance of university appointments, by selecting to increase our professional skills, knowledge, and expertise in clinical pathology and its treatment.  We are active treatment providers, not researchers at a university, not partially trained therapists.

This sacrifice of research for increased knowledge about pathology and its treatment that’s obtained through a Psy.D. clinical psychology doctoral program has a cascading effect into future training, a further extension of the specialized professional expertise of the Psy.D. doctoral education as more training is received.

All doctorate degrees in clinical psychology require two full years of supervised experience for licensure, one year prior to being awarded the doctoral degree (the “predoctoral internship” year) and one year of supervised experience after receiving the doctorate (the “post-doctoral” training  year).

Note:  I had two years of supervised post-doctoral training at Children’s Hospital of Los Angeles, an additional training year beyond that required for licensure (see dates on CHLA Post-Doctoral training).

Note:  A licensed Master’s degree therapist only has one year of supervised training total (as compared to my three years of supervised training prior to licensure). In addition to the increased years of education in a doctoral program over a Master’s program, I also have three times as much supervised training as a Master’s level clinician.

Education prepares a clinical psychologist, but it only partially teaches, which is the reason for two years of required supervised training.  The pathology teaches. The assessment of pathology teaches its features, treatment teaches the pathology’s core.  The prior education provides the information needed to benefit from the pathology’s instruction, but it is the pathology itself, not the books and classes, that teaches.

Note: Boundaries of professional competence are always based on direct work experience, not reading about it in a book or taking a course about the pathology.  In clinical psychology, direct treatment experience is the mark for Boundaries of Competence (Standard 2.01a).

When a Psy.D. enters the first predoctoral training year, the preparations in educational background and surrounding coursework for treating pathology are stronger than those of the Ph.D. student who devoted coursework to research methodoloty and statistics.  While they were being trained in research methodology and statistics, we were receiving additional education and training in pathology and its treatment – that is our specialty focus for a Psy.D. doctorate – we know more to start with, at the beginning of our direct supervised training year.

This means that the Psy.D. doctorate is better prepared and better able to take advantage of the pathology’s direct instruction regarding its features and its core, since our educational preparation for this instruction directly from the pathology is more complete and advanced relative to the education and training received by a Ph.D. doctorate.

The more advanced preparation received by the Psy.D. doctorate means that we learn more during our internship year than does the Ph.D. clinician, who is less prepared for pathology and its treatment.  So the advantage to a Psy.D. degree becomes even larger by the end of the first predoctoral internship year.

When a Psy.D. and a Ph.D. emerge from their predoctoral training year, the gap between their knowledge has widened because of the better preparation of the Psy.D. for the internship training experience.

This gulf between the knowledge and professional expertise of the Psy.D. and Ph.D. becomes even larger with the post-doctoral training year.  The improved preparation of the Psy.D., both by education and then further increased by the predoctoral internship year, now once again places this student at a more advanced position to benefit from the post-doctoral training.

Psy.D. doctorates learn more in the post-doctoral training year than Ph.D. doctorates.  We emerge substantially better educated, skilled, and trained in clinical pathology and its treatment than the Ph.D. degree. That is why we sacrifice the Research sides of our vitaes, that is why we sacrifice all hope of university appointments, and all goals for personal advancement within that domain.

Psy.D. doctorates are the best clinical psychologists, assessing, diagnosing, and treating.  We are better than Ph.D. doctorates at all three aspects of pathology.  Ph.D. doctorates are better at conducting research studies and they are able to teach at universities, and they also can treat patients reasonable well.  Psy.D. psychologist are the best clinical psychologists.

My vitae is a Psy.D. vitae, a specialist professional in pathology, its assessment, diagnosis, and treatment.

Child Versus Adult Psychology

Another important consideration in training and on the vitae is the focus on adults or children in treatment (and families if the focus is on children).

All clinical psychologists and Master’s level therapists are first trained in adult pathology, adult diagnosis, and adult treatment models.  This is because they start their education and training knowing nothing, and children are complex and require specialized expertise.  So all education and training in clinical psychology begins with adult treatment models.

The clinical psychology doctoral student must actively seek out training opportunities with children (and families). The first place this shows on the vitae is in the selection of the predoctoral internship, was it adult-oriented or was it a child treatment internship?.  This is followed by the post-doctoral training year, was it an adult-oriented placement or child placement?

Note:  My pre-doctoral internship year and my two years of post-doctoral training were all with Children’s Hospital of Los Angeles – a strong child-oriented training.

Childhood is a period of rapid maturation and development, and treating children involves a complex blend of factors,

1.) The Pathology:  The nature of the pathology is of direct influence, whether it is ADHD-spectrum, autism-spectrum, trauma-spectrum, eating disorders, substance abuse, etc., will all determine the scope of professional expertise needed for each type of pathology.

2.)  Developmental Stage:  Childhood is a period of rapid and continual maturation that is both structured by bio-social factors and is dependent upon individual variations with the child.  New brain systems open up and become available on a two-year period of maturational development (ages 2-4 toddler; 4-6 kindergarten; 6-8 early school years; 8-10 later school years; 10-12 preadolescent; 12-14 puberty; 14-16 mid-adolescence; 16-18 later adolescence).

All pathology will be influenced in its expression by both the age of the child and the unique development challenges of that specific period of development.  To work across the spectrum of childhood requires advanced expertise in all the shifting factors of maturation in association with the specific child pathology.

3.) Family Factors:  All children are deeply embedded in a family, with primary attachment bonds to mother and father, and secondary attachment bonds, to a greater or lesser degree, into extended family.  The maturation of the child’s neural networks for all psychological, emotional, and cognitive function expects experiences in the parent-child relationship (called “experience-expectant” maturation) and requires these experiences for healthy developmental maturation (called “experience-dependent” maturation).

Pathology and developmental age (the developmental challenges of that maturational period) are both further embedded into complex family relationships among multiple people, each having personal needs formed in their families of orgin.  The primary focus of family factors centers on the quality and nature of the child’s bonding and relationship to mother and father (mother-son, mother-daughter, father-son, father-daughter – each is unique – each is essential).

My background and training are entirely in child and family therapy across all age ranges, including an early childhood mental health specialty (ages 0-5), school-age years, and adolescence.

1) Entry Orientation Page


I begin my vitae by listing my Education –  A Psy.D. Doctorate in Clinical Psychology from Pepperdine University, a Master’s Degree in Community/Clinical Psychology from California State University, Northridge, and a Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology from UCLA.

Of note is that the Community Psychology component of my Master’s degree was instruction and training in addressing pathology by changing community structures, such as solving family conflict pathology by altering the community structures of the mental health and legal systems surrounding the family conflct pathology.

I have specific background education and training for specifically this task of changing the mental health system and legal system as a treatment intervention for family conflict pathology.  This Master’s degree training in the Community Psychology component also involved direct education and training in Organizational Development consulting (improving the functioning of organizations, such as business consultation).

California State University, Northridge
; 6/85
M.A. degree in Clinical/Community Psychology

In my doctoral program at Pepperdine I was able to focus my clinical training in psychotherapy.  There are four primary schools of psychotherapy; psychoanalytic, humanistic-existential, cognitive-behavioral, and family systems.  In the Pepperdine Psy.D. doctoral program we could select two of the four as our specialized training focus.

I selected family systems therapy and humanistic-existential therapy as my specialties.  I am trained in all theorists and all models of family systems therapy, the four primary being Structural (Minuchin), Strategic (Haley & Madanes), Bowenian (Bowen), and Humanistic (Satir).  I am also knowledgeable in Family of Origin therapy (Framo), Contextual family system therapy (Boszormenyi-Nagy), Behavioral family therapy (Wynne), and Multi-Family family therapy (Gritzer & Okun).  I’ve never been trained in the Milan approach because it requires a one-way mirror and multiple therapists  (it doesn’t seem practical).

Recent Presentations

I would normally not place my conference presentations on the first page of my vitae.  I did this because I am a testifying expert witness in the courts and these Recent Presentations establish my relevance and background related to court-involved family conflict.

For the convenience of attorneys presenting my vitae for qualification as an expert witness, I list some of my most recent presentations.  The strength of my presentations is evidenced by the most recent to the American Psychological Association and a prior presentation in 2017 to the Association of Family and Conciliation Courts (AFCC).

The international scope of my expertise is demonstrated in a presentation in the Netherlands and an invited meeting with the Dutch Ministry of Justice, and an invited presentation by the Law Society of Saskatchewan.

I also list two legislative briefings I have provided, one to the Massachusetts legislature and one to the Pennsylvania legislature.  All of these presentations on this first entry page of my vitae are regarding court-involved family conflict pathology.

I am a Psy.D.  A Psy.D. vitae is oriented toward work experience.  It will be empty of presentations and research because that is not the focus of a Psy.D. doctorate, we sacrifice that side of our vitae for increased knowledge and training in pathology and its treatment.  Yet my vitae is still relatively strong on that side as well, even where I should be weak (research and presentation), I’m still strong.

Work Experience

This is the strength of a Psy.D. vitae.  We will review my work experience vitae from the bottom-up, tracking the progression of experience gained.

3/74 –6/78 Crisis Counselor Los Angeles Suicide Prevention Center
Crisis telephone counselor and shift supervisor for Los Angeles Suicide Prevention Center crisis telephone hotline. Supervisor and resource for crisis counselors.

I started my career in psychology my Freshman year at UCLA.  I have always been on the path of clinical psychology since my first steps.  My Sophomore year at UCLA I sought out my first clinical psychology placement with the Suicide Prevention Center hotline in Los Angeles.

We had a week of training by the Suicide Prevention Center in suicide and crisis counseling.  Crisis counseling is its own specialty, it’s not psychotherapy, it has a differnet focus.  I learned crisis counseling upon my first entry into clinical psychology. 

I maintained my placement at the Suicide Prevention Center throughout my undergraduate degree as a Psychology major at UCLA, rising to a paid shift supervisor by my senior year.  Crisis and trauma are always a treatment team, they are too high-intensity for individual decision-making without support – in crisis counseling and trauma it’s always a treatment team.

9/80–9/85 Psychiatric Aide
Crossroads Adolescent Psychiatric Hospital; Woodview-Calabassas Psychiatric Hospital; Northridge Psychiatric Hospital, Metropolitan State Hospital, Camarillo State Hospital.

When I graduated from UCLA, I next sought a Master’s degree in Community/Clinical Psychology.  I worked my way through my Master’s degree program as a psychiatric aide at local-area psych hospitals. 

I started by working with the adult populations, major depression, bipolar, schizophrenia.  Over the course of time I shifted to adolescents, eventually spending the bulk of this period working at Crossroads Hospital, an adolescent psychiatric hospital.

I started my professional career working in the trenches, suicide, crisis counseling, and major psychiatric pathology.  I know professional clinical psychology from the ground up, from the trenches.

9/85 -9/98 Research Associate UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute
Principle Investigator: Keith Nuechterlein, Ph.D.
Area: Longitudinal study of initial-onset schizophrenia. Received annual training to research and clinical reliability in the rating of psychotic symptoms using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS). Managed all aspects of data collection and data processing.

My next position was with a major NIMH longitudinal research project on schizophrenia.  Note the dates of time spent in this position – over 12 years.  I was responsible for managing all aspects of data collection and data processing for a major research project, supervising and directing three research staff.

When I began, the testing battery for the schizophrenic patients that was conducted at intake, remission, relapse, one year, through a randomized control double-blind trial, and into a three-year test, was 8-hours long.  It consisted of physiological measures, interview measures, symptom ratings, cognitive testing, computerized testing, and paper-and-pencil measures.  When I left, the battery of tests had expanded to 16-hours across two days of testing at each test point.

Of prominent note regarding this work experience is that I was trained every year for 12 years to clinical reliability and research reliability on the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), which Wikipedia describes as “the oldest, and most widely used scale for measuring psychotic symptoms.”

I have extensive background with psychotic-delusional pathology, rating symptoms and making the diagnosis.  I am likely one of the best trained clinicians in the country on making a diagnosis of psychotic pathology based on twelve years of annual training in doing just that.

9/98 -9/99 Research Associate
UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute
Principle Investigator: Elisabeth Dykens, Ph.D.
Area: Cognitive functioning in Williams Syndrome. Test administration and coding of behavioral observation data.

As I shifted over into my doctoral studies at Pepperdine, I left the UCLA research project on schizophrenia and secured a position with a different clinical research project at UCLA working with children.  This research project focused on two populations of pathology, William’s Syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome.  In addition to collecting a range of test data at various points, we also scored recorded behavioral observation data.  I have worked with every single type of data.

9/99-9/00  Predoctoral Psychology Intern –APA Accredited
Children’s Hospital Los Angeles
Rotations: spina bifida, early childhood preschool consultation

Despite my time at UCLA with schizophrenia, my goal has always been child and family therapy.  For my doctoral internship training I sought out an APA accredited internship at Childrens’ Hospital of Los Angeles. 

My primary medical-pediatric psychologist rotation was the Spina Bifida clinic (that’s the spinal cord birth defect that puts children in wheelchairs).  That’s where I first encountered the complex trauma of traumatic grief.  My community mental health treatment focus at CHLA with ADHD, and I acquired early childhood mentorship from Marie Pousen, Ph.D. who directed a therapeutic preschool at CHLA.

9/00 –4/02 Postdoctoral Fellow
Children’s Hospital Los Angeles
Two-year post-doctoral fellowship. Specialty focus: ADHD; spina bifida; early childhood mental health

I then secured post-doctoral fellowship training at CHLA, continuing in the spina bifida clinic and a more expanded focus in ADHD and early childhood mental health.  Licensure only required one year of predoctoral supervised training and one year of post-doctoral supervised training – but the CHLA post-doc was a 2-year program, a full year more of supervised training than is required.

Why would someone do an additional year of supervised post-doctoral training above and beyond what is required for licensure?  Why would CHLA only offer a 2-year post-doctoral fellowship when they know that only one year is required for licensure?

4/02-9/02: Research Associate Children’s Hospital Los Angeles
Principle Investigator: Ernest Katz, Ph.D.
Multi-site Children’s Hospital study of remediation of attention deficits of children with cancer.

During my post-doctoral training at CHLA, I also extended my training over into pediatric cancer, working on a multi-site research project on the remediation of attention deficits caused by intrathecal chemotherapy (chemotherapy into the spinal-cord and brain) and brain cancer treated with radiation.

The research involved six of the major Children’s Hospitals, and I was sent to M.D. Anderson Hospital at the University of Texas along with clinical treatment representatives from the other six Children’s Hospitals for training in the attention-remediation protocol used in the multi-site study.

My post-doctoral training was the last position that I actually applied for.  From that point on I have been recruited to each of the following positions.

4/02 –10/06: Pediatric Psychologist Children’s Hospital Orange County – UCI Child Development Center
Early Identification and Treatment of ADHD in Preschoolers
Director: James Swanson, Ph.D.
Served as the primary clinical psychologist on a joint CHOC-UCI project for early identification of ADHD in preschool-age children.

I was recruited our out of CHLA to join Children’s Hospital of Orange County on medical staff in the Psychology Department of Choc, to serve as the lead clinical psychologist on a collaborative Choc-UCI Child Development Center project on the identification and remediation of ADHD in preschool-age children.  I was recruited to this position because of my triple background in ADHD specialization, early childhood specialization, and my training as a pediatric psychologist.

Jim Swanson, Ph.D. is one of the top-tier experts in ADHD.  His UCI Child Development Center was one of the lead sites for the multi-site MTA randomized control study of ADHD conducted in the 1990s, considered the best randomized control study ever conducted for any pathology.  His UCI Child Development Center has also produced nearly all of the research on school-based interventions for ADHD, and major pharmaceutical companies run their clincal trails for new ADHD medication through the UCI Child Development Center because the high-quality of treatment at the UCI Child Development Center ensures that any differences are due to medication effects because the treatment is stable at – the best.

I had several roles with this project, including providing on-call coverage at Choc for consultations on hospital units, supervision of interns and post-doctoral fellows at Choc’s APA accredited internship and post-doctoral training programs, providing direct patient care, supervising training of para-professionals in a specific parent training approach (C.O.P.E. Model) developed by Dr. Cunningham at McMaster’s University, and I was responsible for developing a county-wide teacher training program for preschools, culminating in a two-day training organized and led by me for all Head Start preschools in Orange County.

Early Childhood Trainings & Seminars Given

Functional Behavioral Analysis with Preschool-Age Children -Seminar Series. (9/26/03; 10/17/03). Orange County Head Start Center Directors and Multi-disciplinary Teams. Orange, CA.

Much of the teacher training was in Functional Behavioral Analysis (FBA), a more sophisticated variation of Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA).

Note:  Munchausen by Proxy

My background training and experience at two Children’s Hospitals (CHLA and Choc) provided me with professional training, background, and experience with the DSM-5 diagnosis of Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another (i.e., Munchausen’s by proxy).

Who do you think sees Munchausen’s by proxy?  Children’s Hospitals.  The medical disorder can’t be diagnosed, it keeps moving up the chain of expertise and testing, eventually arriving at the top, Children’s Hospital.  The medical physician begins to see what is happening from the many inconclusive tests.

What does the physician do when Munchausen’s by proxy is suspected?  They call for a “psych consult” – “I think we may have a case of Munchausen’s here, put in a call for a psych consult.”  Then a call is placed to the Psychology Department of the Children’s Hospital, and one of the pediatric psychologists goes up to begin an assessment for Muchausen’s by proxy (Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another).

I am that psychologist in the Psychology Department of Children’s Hospital.  I’m the pediatric psychologist at Children’s Hospital who goes to assess and diagnose Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another.  I am likely one of the most expert clinical psychologists anywere in the pathology of Munchausen’s by proxy – Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another.

I am also one of the best trained clinical psychologists in the assessment of delusional psychotic pathology (UCLA – BPRS).   These are both specialized domains of expertise and training, and they are both directly relevant to court-involved attachment pathology – a shared persecutory delusion that is created in the child for secondary gain – a factitious delusional-psychiatric disorder imposed on the child for secondary gain.

5/03 –10/06: Clinical Director
Fineman Consulting Group
Fire F.R.I.E.N.D.S. Juvenile Firesetting Intervention Program
Executive Director: Kenneth Fineman, Ph.D.
Through grants from FEMA and the Department of Justice to develop a national model for juvenile firesetting intervention, collaborated with Dr. Fineman in developingacomprehensive clinical psychology assessment protocol for the mental healthevaluation of juvenile firesetting behavior.

From this position at Choc-UCI, I was then recruited to serve as the Clinical Director for an assessment and treatment program for juvenile firesetting behavior through FEMA and the Department of Justice.  Dr. Fineman served as the content expert on juvenile firesetting, he is a forensic psychologist and a world-recognized expert in juvenile firesetting behavior.  FEMA and the DOJ wanted to develop a national-model mental health assessment of juvenile firesetters to determine whether individual cases warranted simple fire safety education, required mental health involvement, or required a juvenile justice response.

I was recruited to provide the clinical psychology expertise, including professional expertise in the construction of assessment protocols for child pathology.  We also hired an early career professional seeking experience in Organizational Development (Dr. Patterson) to work with the local-area fire-agencies on implementing the field portion of the screening assessment protocol.  I supervised his Organizational Development work based from my prior training in my Master’s program.

10/06 -6/08: Clinical Director
START Pediatric Neurodevelopmental Assessment and Treatment Center
California State University, San Bernardino Institute of Child Development and Family Relations
Clinical director for an early childhood assessment and treatment center providing comprehensive developmental assessment and psychotherapy services to children ages 0-5 years old. Directed the clinical operations, clinical staff, and the provision of comprehensive psychological assessment and treatment services across clinic-based, home-based, and school-based services. A three-university collaboration with speech and language services through the University of Redlands, occupational therapy through Loma Linda University, and psychology through Calif. State University, San Bernardino.

I was then recruited to serve as the Clinical Director for a three-university assessment and treatment center working with children ages 0-5 in the foster care system, our primary referrals were from the county’s Department of Children’s Services and our funding was through the county Department of Mental Health.

Loma Linda University provided faculty and trainees from their Occupational Therapy program, the University of Redlands provided faculty and trainees from their Speech and Language program, and California State University, San Bernardino provided psychology faculty, mental health therapists, and mental health trainees (Master’s level interns and post-doctoral fellows).

I was hired by Cal State as the Clinical Director to provide the clinical psychology expertise.  As the Clinical Director, I must know all the mental health issues involved with the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of early childhood complex trauma and attachment pathology.  I must also understand the sensory-motor issues involved (OT, sensory integration; Loma Linda) and language issues issues involved (speech-and-language, praxic, pragmatic, and semantic; Redlands) to be able to integrate these domains of assessment and treatment into the overall comprehensive treatment plan for children ages 0-5 in the foster care system.

While in this position, I developed a para-professional support training program with undergraduate students at Cal State, culminating in a team of para-professionals who would work directly in the preschool classroom and in the foster care placement with the care providers and the child.

6/08–Current: Private Practice
219 N. Indian Hill Blvd., Ste. 201
Claremont, CA 91711
Psychotherapy with adults, couples, children, and families. Specializing in attachment pathology, ADHD, anger and impulse control problems in childhood, childhood trauma, family psychotherapy, marital therapy, and parent-child conflict.

I left this position to enter private practice on my way to retirement.  It was at this point that I accepted my first case of court-involved “high-conflict” divorce, referred by a minor’s counsel.  I have subsequently been focused on the severe attachment pathology, the IPV spousal abuse pathology, and child psychological abuse pathology currently untreated and unresolved in the family courts.

1/12–12/17: Faculty University of Phoenix; Pasadena Campus; Ontario Campus
Courses taught: Child Development; Assessment and Treatment Planning; Advanced Diagnosis; Models of Psychotherapy; Counseling Psychometrics; Research Methods; Cultural Psychology

1/09 –9/10: Faculty Argosy University; San Bernardino Campus
Courses taught: Diagnosis and Psychopathology; Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy; Child Development

I enjoy teaching and mentoring students.  I taught and supervised trainees at Choc and at my clinic, and I’ve taught extensive numbers of parenting training courses and preschool teacher trainings.  When I entered private practice I sought out teaching positions at local colleges because I enjoy it.

Of note is that the implication of teaching at the graduate level is that the professor must know everything about the topic area of instruction. So, the courses I’ve taught provide an indication of the scope of my professional knowledge – note in particular that I’ve taught graduate-level courses in Diagnosis and Psychopathology, graduate-level courses in Assessment and Treatment Planning, and graduate-level courses in Models of Adolescent and Child Psychotherapy.

That is my work history background.  My background education, training, and experience serves as the partial foundation for my professional opinions regarding assesement, diagnosis, and treatment of pathology in children.

Divorce Training

Certificate Program: Certification in Divorce Mediation. Conflict Resolution Training, Inc. 2/24/16 –2/27/16. Susan Deveney, Instructor

I do not consider forensic psychology to be a domain of clinical pathology, it is more of a procedural domain of psychology; court-involved.  According to forensic psychology, their domain is any and all court-involved pathology.

From a clinical psychology perspective, a pathology does not change simple because a court becomes involved.  Autism remains autism even if there is court-involment.  Eating disorders don’t change into another form of pathology if a court becomes involved.  The pathology remains the same.

What occurs with court-involvment are additional and higher obligations and responsibilies on the clinical psychologist.  In treatment the psychologist has once client, the child.  With court-involvement the psychologist has a second client, the court, and has additional obligations added relative to this additional client.  But the pathology itself doesn’t change.

I took this course in Divorce Mediation as a “boundaries of competence” issue surrounding forensic psychology.  I am not a forensic psychologist, nor will I ever be a forensic psychologist, the standards of practice in forensic psychology are substantially below those of clincal psychology.  But I simply wanted to perform due-dillegence on my obligations for training in the “forensic” practice of “divorce mediation,” and this boundaries of comptence item is now evidenced on my vitae.

Early Childhood Training

This is the area of my vitae documenting my specialty training in early childhood mental health, considered the highest caliber sub-specialty domain in all of professional psychology. Early childhood mental health requires multiple complex information sets.

We must know all of the developmental maturation for each system, language, emotional, psychological, attachment, cognitive, sensory-motor – not only for how each system develops individually, also for how they are all cross-integrated in their development. How the developing emotional system interacts with the developing sensory-motor networks, how attachment bonding is mediating emotional reglation and psychological identity development.  How cognitive development and language change and alter emotional and psychological maturation.  All systems both individually, and how the each interact across all the other systems.

And we have to have this knowledge for each rapidly changing stage of maturation in the first fives years – these systems are at different stages of development at 18 months than at 24 months, and will again change by three-years-old, then four, then five.  As an early childhood psychologist, all of the systems both individually and in integration, must ALSO be understood across each distinct phase of maturation.

All of this knowledge must be known – all the system’s individual development and maturation – integrated across multiple systems – and through each developmental period of the first five years… including infancy.

For infancy, you can also see the additional Certification in Infant Mental Health I received.  The first year is a whole new domain of rapidly changing development – 3-months, 6-months, 9-months, 12-months – all systems individually and integrated.

Certificate Program: Parent-Infant Mental Health: Fielding Graduate University, 1/14/08; 1/15/08.

I have posted an Early Childhood Comptency Guidelines to my website to give an indication of what is expected knowledge for basic competence in early childhood mental health – not expertise – just basic competence:

Early Childhood Comptency Guidelines

The listing of knowledge domains needed for professional competence begins on Page 15.  Note that on the bottom of Page 15 it says, “Brain research.”  It doesn’t specify what brain research.  It doesn’t say, “Brain research on psychological development” or “Brain research on emotional and cognitive development.”

It just says “Brain research.” That means all brain research.  All of it.  Brain research on the emotional systems, on the cognitive systems, on the attachment system, on sensory-motor systems, on hormonal and stress system, the limbic system, the amygdala, the frontal cortex and prefrontal cortex, the vagal nervous system, all of it.

Brain research.  Page 15.

Notice too where it lists the authors on Page 19, at the top, Marie Poulsen, Ph.D.  Note her afflilliation – CHLA. She was my mentor in early childhood mental health at CHLA.

I am comptent in all the domains of knowledge listed in this Early Childhood Comptency Guidelines document.  I know all of that information.  In fact, I knew all of that 20 years ago.  That is basic competence.  Note my Work Experience.  I’m at the Clinical Director level – senior-staff top level of knowledge.  No one knows more.  I was competent 20 years ago.

I know two additional diagnostic systems beyond the standared DSM-5 and ICD-10.

Early Childhood Diagnostic System: DC:0-3R Diagnostic Criteria 0-3 Revised.  Attachment oriented early childhood diagnostic system.  Instructor: Orange County Early Childhood Mental Health Collaborative.

This is a stronger attachment-oriented diagnostic system.

Early Childhood Diagnostic System: DMIC: Diagnostic Manual for Infancy and Early Childhood.  Assessment, diagnosis, and intervention for developmental and emotional disorders, autistic spectrum disorders, multisystem developmental disorders, regulatory disordersinvolving attention, learning and behavioral problems, cognitive, language, motor, and sensory disturbances. Instructor, Interdisciplinary Council on Developmental and Learningc Disorders (Greenspan)

This is a stronger autism-spectrum diagnostic system.

I also know the two basic treatments for attachment pathology.

Early Childhood Treatment Intervention: Watch, Wait, and Wonder: Nancy Cohen, Ph.D. Hincks-Dellcrest Centre & the University of Toronto.

Early Childhood Treatment Intervention: Circle of Security: Glen Cooper, MFT, Center for Clinical Intervention, Marycliff Institute, Spokane, Washington.

Attachment System

The domain of attachment is early childhood mental health.  That is where a mental health professional receives training in the attachment system and attachment pathology.  If a mental health professional does not have early childhood training, then they do not have education or training in the attachment system and attachment pathology.

In court-involved attachment pathology surrounding divorce, the assessing, diagnosing, and treating mental health professionals are working with the most severe attachment pathology possible – there is nothing worse in attachment than a complete severing of the child’s bond to a mother or father – that is as bad as it gets for attachment pathology.

Yet NONE of the involved mental health people have any education or training in the attachment system – what it is, how it functions, how it dysfunctions, and how to repair the attachment bond.  They are practicing beyond the boundaries of their competence, and as a result, children are being severely harmed, and parents are being severely harmed.

Google ignorance: lack of knowledge or information

Where did you receive your education and training in the attachment system and attachment pathology?

Recent Seminars Taken

I include these Seminars Taken to indicate that despite my knowledge, I still take training and educational seminars. Role model.

I know family systems therapy.  Yet still I go to a three-day conference put on by the Bowen Center for the Study of the Family at Johns Hopkins regarding the emotional cutoff pathology in families.

I know trauma and complex trauma.  Yet still I take a two-day seminar from Bessel van der Kolk on trauma and complex trauma.  I love the work of Bessel van der Kolk.  He is in my pantheon of exceptional in professional psychology.

I’m a role model.  I know the knowledge, yet still I seek additional learning.


This domain simply shows I have written material that is available for review.  The strength of a Psy.D. vitae is not Publications, it’s Work Experience.  We sacrifice research and publication for additional expertise in pathology and its treatment.  My Publications vitae is simply to provide references for additional information.

Internet Psychology:  Of note are the last three entries in Publications, these three were from my time and expertise in the emerging field of Internet psychology, the integration of the Internet and its impact with professional psychology. This domain is addressed separately later in my vitae as well.

Parental Alienation” Seminars Given

This area is simply to demonstrate the scope of my practice and knowledge.  My Work Experience is grounded in real pathology, I want to also give an indication that I have background in this court-involved “parental alienation” pathology created by forensic psychology.

Early Childhood Mental Health Trainings

These are about 1/3 of the trainings I have provided, I simply wanted to provide a representative sampling.  Note the reference to Functional Behavioral Analysis (a more sophisticated variant of Applied Behavioral Analysis).  Both Functional Behavioral Analysis and Applied Behavioral Analysis have valuable application to court-involved attachment pathology.

Internet Psychology Presentations Given

In addition to the publications in peer-reviewed journals surrounding Internet Psychology, I have presentations of substance on the integration of the Internet into professional psychology as well.

I have an invited presentation to the American Association for the Advancement of Science regarding Internet Psychology.

American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Office of Protection from Research Risks. Conference on the Ethical and Legal Aspects of Human Subjects Research in Cyberspace. Invited paper presentation on Privacy and Confidentiality Issues in Internet Research. 6/1999, June. Washington, D.C.

Report: Ethical and Legal Aspects of Human Subjects Research in Cyberspace

Notice in the Workshop Participants section of the Report that my affiliation is listed as the International Society of Mental Health Online.  At the time, I was the President for this organization, serving a three-year term on the Executive Committee, first as the President-Elect, then a year as the acting President, and then a final year as the Past-President.

I also have an invited presentation regarding Internet Psychoogy to the World Health Organization in Munich.  Travel for both invited presentations, the AAAS and WHO, were paid for by the inviting host organization.

World Health Organization, 2nd International Symposium on Psychiatry and Internet: Information –Support –Therapy. Invited presentation on Ethical Issues in Online Psychotherapeutic Interventions. 4/2002, Munich, Germany.

My third citation of professional experience in this domain of my vitae is to a presentation I made on a Symposium panel to the national convention of the American Psychological Association.  A report on this presentation still remains online.

American Psychological Association Convention, Symposium on Using the Internet for Change: Online Psychotherapy and Education. J. Grohol (Chair): The Potential Risks and Benefits of Online Therapeutic Interventions. 8/1998; San Francisco, California.

Article: The Potential Risks and Benefits of Online Therapeutic Interventions


My vitae reflects the domains of my knowledge. The core of my vitae is Work Experience.  My knowledge comes from practical application in work experience.

The additional extensions of that knowledge are reflected in the breadth of my applied experience in presentations, courses taught, training received, and written references for support.

Work Experience is the heart of a Psy.D. vitae.

Craig Childress, Psy.D.
Clinical Psychologist, PSY 18857

Robin Deutsch, PhD: The APA “Working Group”

What’s that you say, Dorcy?  Robin Deutsch was put in charge of the official “Working Group” response of the American Psychological Association to the first Petition to the APA from parents?

I never paid much attention to who they assigned to the “death by committee” response they made to the suffering of parents and their desperate plea for help.  I think you’re right, though, I think I heard it was Robin Deutsch they put in charge. The APA refused to ever release the names and vitaes of the “Working Group” members who received the first Petition to the APA written by parents, when was that, 2016?

I’m not sure everyone here knows the story of the Petition to the APA, the whole story.

The one I wrote (Petition to the APA) was the second one, the first one was a home-crafted one by a group of parents. They did immaculate research and made strong argument in that first Petition to the APA. 

Here, gather round the fire and let me tell you the story.  My Petition to the APA is not the first.  No, some intrepid parents were there first, storming the castle walls.  They did good.

Back in 2016, I had no thought for a Petition to the APA, hadn’t even entered my mind.  I had just finished writing Foundations and was turning to crafting the Assessment protocol and supporting booklets.  I had just entered a Facebook presence out of my blog, and my website archive was starting to build.  In 2016 I was beginning to fully enter into the arguments and solutions.

There were a group of parents who understood the paradigm shift.  Unbeknownst to me, they got together and wrote a Petition to the APA and posted it to 

That… is a great idea.  And it was well considered in its arguments.  They had listened to my blogs and reasoning, and they put forth solidly grounded professional argument.

They didn’t approach the ethical code violations at all.  They’re not psychologists, they can’t carry that voice and reasoning.  They carried the scientifically grounded evidence voice for consideration and change – Bowlby, Minuchin, Beck.

I knew the pathogen was inhabiting and disabling the response of the American Psychological Association.  How?  Where?

Forensic psychology.  It’s financial, and they have “inside” power.  No one believes your grievances.  They attribute your protests to your just not getting your way in the “custody battle” – it’s not the psychologist’s fault… they’re not ignorant and incompetent… after all, they have those letters after their names.  No one believes you.

They own you.  Forensic psychology owns you and your children.  No one else will work with you. Too dangerous.  Forensic psychology threatens their license if they try to help you.  So they abandon you to forensic psychology, and then forensic psychology feeds on you financially, like piggies at the trough, $20,000 to $40,000 for a worthless “child custody evaluation” that solves nothing, that is not valid prima facie, and that is substantially beneath professional standards of practiced in professional psychology.

They own you.

The first Petition to the APA, the one by this parental alliance, entered into the teeth of the pathogen’s control of the APA.  It was sent to a “Working Group” of forensic psychologists to die.  I knew that, I saw that.

Good job, parents, you’ve drawn down the pathogen’s defense. The APA is exposed now. It’s like drawing down the air cover around a carrier at Midway, no protection left.

We asked that the names of the “Working Group” members and their vitaes be disclosed.  If the lives and suffering of so many parents hangs in the balance of the decisions made by this “Working Group” then these parents have a right to know who’s on the “Working Group” that will have so much impact on their lives and the lives of their children. 

The APA said no. They would not release the names or vitaes of the “Working Group” members.  It’s a secret who they are.

The Petition from these parents claims that the surrounding professional psychology who are involved with their families (i.e., forensic psychology) is not applying the scientifically established knowledge of attachment, family systems therapy, personality disorders, and complex trauma.

Instead of a response, the APA formed a “Working Group” with the mandate given to the “Working Group” to review all the research on attachment, and family systems therapy, and personality disorders, and complex trauma.

Then why not simly appoint members to the “Working Group” who already know this research, so we can skip educating the “Working Group” about pretty much all of the knowledge of professional psychology?

That wasn’t their goal.  Their goal was to silence you, so no one will hear your screams of torment and suffering. They don’t want anyone to hear you.

The first Petition to the APA from these parents was apparently sent to Robin Deutsch.  Let’s see, that was 2016 I think… I wonder how they’re coming along with their “review of the research” in these past… four years.

I wonder if we can get a log from them for how many times this “Working Group” has met in… four years?  Even a list of who’s on it and what their professional background is would be helpful.  Hmm, if Susan Deutsch is heading the “Working Group,” I’m sure she’d be able to give us a progress report for their official APA “Working Group” to develop a response to the… first… Petition to the APA.

I knew what was happening.  They’re hiding you.  After all, no one believes you.  If you scream in pain, no one believes you because the… forensic psychologists… can’t possibly be ignorant and incompetent.  You just didn’t get your way in the custody dispute.  It can’t possibly be the psychologists… after all, their vitaes are so… puffy and look so impressive.  And they have the AFCC endorsing their practice.  It can’t possibly be the psychologists at fault… it must be you.

No one believes you.  I see that.

But what that first Petition did was draw down the pathogen’s defenses, forensic psychology had acted to grab this first Petition.  The APA was vulnerable now to a second.  Good job, parents.  Nicely done.

I waited a year to give the “Working Group” enough rope to do something, or not.  I applied to be on the “Working Group” (not a chance that forensic psychologists would let in – an “outsider” – especially one advocating that we apply knowledge).  I simply wanted to document, it’s not me  who is the problem, it’s your ignorance and sloth.  I also sent them my personal 40-page AB-PA Reference List. That’s the time when I also decided to post my personal AB-PA Reference List to my website.  It was time to activate that for this “Working Group” “study the research” lie.

The mandate of the “Working Group” is to review the research, so then, start with this.

Dr. Childress’ Personal: AB-PA Reference List

I waited year, and then I wrote a second Petition to the APA, entirely separate from the last one. The first one was written entirely by parents without my involvement. This second one was written entirely by me.  The first one focused on Bowlby, Minuchin, Beck.  I focused mine as a psychologist, on the many violations to the APA ethics code.

I did that intentionally, took an entirely different focus; the APA ethics code. The first Petition had drawn the protection, I had a clean shot.  Nice job.  It’s a totally separarate Petition and line of argument.

I asked parents for 10,000 signatures before I would submit it.  I had 10,000 signatures in a day.  Ultimately, we had 19,000 when we hand-delivered it to the offices of the APA in Washington, D.C. in June of 2018.  I was accompanied by two parent representatives, Wendy Perry and Rod McCall.  They nailed their presentations at the National Press Club, we visited our representatives in Congress.

Nothing like seeting Texans schmooze each other, a delightful sight to see.

That Petition is still active, it has yet to receive any response whatsoever from the APA, your voice currently stands at 24,000, that’s a strong voice, it’s up to you how strong you choose to make it. If I were you, I’d use it in news media stories, reference the Petition to the APA as something people can do if they want to support you, the parents and your children. Sign the Petition to the APA.  It can always serve as a closer for your news articles – sign the Petition to the APA.

It asks for three things,

1.) Immediate Press Release: An immediate press release affirming the support of the American Psychological Association for Standard 2.01a Boundaries of Competence.

In the two years since delivering the Petition, the APA has declined to issue a press release affirming its support for Standard 2.01a Boundaries of Competence of their own code of ethics.  Think about that. The APA is refusing to publicly affirm its own ethics code…. think about that.

Forensic psychology. They are in the control of forensic psychology. They don’t want to look, they don’t want to turn over the rock to see what’s underneath.  The APA won’t even affirm their own ethics code, even when 24,000 parents plead with them, simply state your affirmation of your own ethics code.

They won’t do it.  The APA refuses – for two years they have refused – to issue a simple press release affirming the importance of Standard 2.01a of its own ehtics code. The APA has abandoned you to the abuse and exploitation of forensic psychology.  You stand alone, they stand with child abuse and spousal abuse.

APA: Collusion with Child Abuse

Notice the counter on the website, my frontal lobe executive function systems for foresight work just fine.

2.) Revise Position Statement: A review of their official “Position Statement on Parental Alienation Syndrome” since there is now a second, and scientifically grounded description for the pathology.

The American Psychological Association is in violation of its own Standard 2.04 of its own ethics code. They are refusing to apply the “established scientific and professional knowledge of the discipline” – Bowlby, Minuchin, Beck, van der Kolk, Tronick.

I have obligations still pending surrounding Standard 1.05 of the APA ethics code and the APA’s violaton of Standard 2.04 of its own ethics code (and possible failure in their vicarious “duty to protect” by negligent disregard).

2.) Conferences & White Papers: To convene a conference of expertise in attachment, family systems therapy, personality disorders, complex trauma, and child development to produce a white paper on court-involved attachment pathology. Then to convene a second conference of expertise in psychometrics, ethics, cultural psychology, clinical psychology, attachment, and family systems therapy to examine the appropriate role of professional psychology in the family courts and to produce a white paper on that.

Two years.  No response.  I take that back, do you know what the response of the APA is to this second Petition to the APA from an entirely different group, with entirely different arguments based on APA ethics code violations, with an entirely different set of sought for remedies… do you know what the response of the APA is?

We have a “Working Group” who is “studying the research.”  The “Working Group” response to the first Petiton is not relevant. That’s somebody else. What is your response to THIS Petition?

Silence.  No response.

We’ll wait.  But please hurry, the lives of these parents and their children are being destroyed daily. There is urgency here. Please hurry.

Four years of a “Working Group” to “study the research” on attachment, and family systems therapy, and complex trauma, and personaltiy disorders, and child development.

Why not just appoint people to the “Working Group” who ALREADY know the research?  Oh… because they want to appoint ignorance… they want to give you to forensic psychologists… the very people who are exploiting and traumatizing you.

I’m not accepting that. And I’m tenacious.

As long as they are going to try to use that lie, then let me ask you, how are things coming with that secret “Working Group” of forensic psychologists in the last… four years?

What’s that you say, Dorcy?  Susan Deutsch, the co-author of that article on Overcoming Barriers in 2010 with Matthew Sullivan, the President of the AFCC, is leading that “Working Group” for the APA?

Well then, let’s ask her about how much “progress” they’re making in their self-education… and when they anticipate being done getting educated.

I’m sure the APA “Working Group” is on her vitae, right? That’s a pretty impressive professional accomplishment, to lead an APA “Working Group” to “study the research” on… something… they still won’t release a list of the research they’ve been reviewing… for four years now.

Why didn’t the APA just appoint people who already knew the research? Why appoint ignorance to a “Working Group”? That seems a really odd thing to do.

Google ignorance: lack of knowledge or information.

So the “Working Group” members (secret members; hidden vitaes, they won’t tell us who and what their background is) is spending 4 years educating themselves… to answer the question from parents, why isn’t professional psychology applying Bowlby, Minuchin, Beck, van der Kolk, and Tronick?

Does that make sense to you?

Or does something smell rotten?  Four years spent educating themselves. So… are you educated yet? Or do you still need more time, is your ignorance that profound that four years of study is to no avail?

So, Dr. Deutsch, how’s the secret “Working Group” coming along?  Maybe it’s time for the APA to ask for a “Progress Report” from the secret “Working Group.” Especially since the response from the APA to a second, entirely unrelated Petition to the APA signed by a separate 24,000 parents is being made contingent on the outcome of the “Working Group”… for four years.

I think it’s time for a Progress Report from the “Working Group.” I certainly hope it’s not some sort of scam.  I certainly hope the American Psychological Association is not lying to parents, running some sort of scam cover-up for the rampant ethics violations and sloth in forensic psychology.

I certainly hope that’s not happening.  I think it’s time the APA asked for a Progress Report from it’s official “Working Group.”  Four years of “work” – how much have you accomplished?  It is an official APA “Working Group.”  So?  What did you find?

Don’t tell me you need MORE time?  Four years is not enough? Then at least tell us your progress to date, after… four years.  Oh, and please… how many times did your “Working Group” meet?  Do you have agendas and minutes from your meetings? Who is on this Working Group”?  What are their professional qualifications for the task? Can you provide us with a list of the research you have reviewed in the last 4 years of your “Working Group.”

This is an official “Working Group” of the APA.  Or perhaps… it’s a scam.  Pehaps… it’s a cover-up.  Hmm, how can we find out?  Let’s get a Progress Report from the Official “Working Group” of the APA, where do things stand after FOUR years of educating yourself because you started off so proundly ignorant.

Are you educated yet?

So… what’s the progress?  Or are you all done?  Or did you never start?

What’s that you say, Dorcy? Robin Deutsch is in charge of the “Working Group.” Well good, then let’s ask her.  How’s it coming, Robin?  Four years, now… kind of a long time.  Any chance of wrapping up your “Working Group” anytime soon?

What did you find?

Craig Childress, Psy.D.
Clinical Psychologist, PSY 18857


Dr. Sullivan & the AFCC

I am a consultant to a client parent and attorney surrounding the attachment pathology displayed by his child and its treatment.  A recent custody evaluation provided specified referrals for treatment and named Matthew Sullivan, Ph.D. as a primary recommended referral for my client and the child to treat the attachment pathology in the child.

I have been asked by my client to provide an opinion on the referrals offered by the child custody evaluator.  I will be seeking additional information from each of the offered referrals to provide an opinion on their relative merits and my recommendation as a clinical psychologist with expertise in treating attachment pathology in children.

Matthew Sullivan, Ph.D.

Dr. Sullivan is the President of the Association of Family and Conciliation Courts (AFCC).  I am certain this is applied to his credit regarding his asserted “expertise” with court-involved family conflict.  At the same time, the AFCC also endorses the practice of child custody evaluations about which I have prominent professional concerns.

If Dr. Sullivan is to receive credit for his standing with the AFCC, then Dr. Sullivan’s professional judgement and practices should also bear responsibility for any failures in the practice of child custody evaluations. In issuing Model Standards of Practice for Child Custody Evaluations, the AFCC, and Dr. Sullivan as its President, bear responsibility for any failings or flaws to their child custody evaluation assessment procedures.

In addition, the professional background, education, training, and expertise of Dr. Sullivan with assessing, diagnosing, and treating attachment pathology in children (the pathology displayed by my client’s child) also bears relevance to the quality of the referral to Dr. Sullivan for the treatment of the attachment pathology in my client’s child.  While Dr. Sullivan’s professional background in forensic psychology appears substantial, this would not allow him to treat other pathologies such as autism, or eating disorders, or early childhood mental health problems, without additional education and training in those domains of pathology.

My client’s child is displaying severe attachment pathology, and Dr. Sullivan has been offered to the court as an expert in treating and restoring children’s attachment bond to their parent.  I will be reviewing his background education, training, and experience for evidence to support his asserted expertise in assessing, diagnosing, and treating attachment pathology in children, so that I can provide an opinion on Dr. Sullivan’s offered expertise in attachment pathology in children and its treatment.

Critiquing the professional practices of the President of the AFCC, especially when I am such a harsh critic of child custody evaluations, is fraught with professional dangers for me.  I am concerned that if my analysis and opinions regarding the professional practices of Dr. Sullivan are made only through private communication to my client parent and attorney, that Dr. Sullivan will then be denied the opportunity to respond to any misperceptions I may have about his practice.  I am also concerned that elements of my critique may be released that are taken out of context, that misrepresent my opinions, or are inaccurate.

For these reasons, I have decided to make my analysis and opinions public surrounding Dr. Sullivan as a referral resource for my client.  In this way I take full responsibility for the accuracy of my statements and my opinions.  These blogs also allow Dr. Sullivan to correct any misperceptions I may develop surrounding the practices and capabilities of Dr. Sullilvan.

Critiquing and offering an opinion as a clinical psychologist on the professional practices of the President of the AFCC should not be done in haste, and should reflect a proper assessment of the issues involved.  My opinions are my opinions, they do not represent truth.  I have no access to truth except through me, and “me” will always shade my perceptions.  I will allow others to review and discuss, and to reach consensus opinion on where truth lies.  These are my opinions based on the information I describe in support.

If my opinions are in error, I am open to, and invite, correction.


I will approach my review and analysis of the referral resource for my client and the child across several blogs.  This one will focus on the association of Dr. Sullivan to the practice of child custody evaluations through his role as President for the AFCC.  If his professional expertise in the practice of child custody evaluations is held to his credit, then any failings of child custody evaluations to meet professionally acceptable standards of practice would also attach to his responsibility.

My focus in this blog will not be toward Dr. Sullivan directly.  Dr. Sullivan is an acknowledged expert in the practice of child custody evaluations. This blog will examine what that means, what exactly is the practice of child custody evaluation, is it a valid assessment procedure, is it ethical professional practice.  I have prominent professional concerns as a psychologist that child custody evaluations are neither valid nor ethical professional practice, and instead, the practice of child custody evaluations violate multiple ethical Standards of the APA ethics code.

This blog will present the information on which I base my professional opinions regarding child custody evaluations.  Standard 2.04 of the APA ethics code imposes upon me the requirement that my professional judgments be based on the “established scientific and professional knowledge of the discipline.” I am establishing that foundational knowledge here.

2.04 Bases for Scientific and Professional Judgments
Psychologists’ work is based upon established scientific and professional knowledge of the discipline. (See also Standards 2.01e, Boundaries of Competence, and 10.01b, Informed Consent to Therapy.)

The APA ethics code is not optional.  It is mandatory.  My analysis and my judgments formed surrounding child custody evaluations will be based on the “established scientific and professional knowledge” of…

  • Psychometics and validity of assessment
  • The Ethical Principles for Psychologist and Code of Conduct from the American Psychological Association
  • Cultural psychology
  • Research on bias

These domains represent the “established scientific and professional knowledge of the discipline” on which I will rely.


In July of 2018, the American Psychological Association posted an invitation for public comment regarding the practice of child custody evaluation.  I submitted a Comment and posted it to my website:

Comment on Child Custody Evaluations

In this Comment offered to the APA, I describe 8 domains of concern surrounding the practice and procedures of child custody evaluations.  In this current description I will add a ninth.

1.) No Inter-Rater Reliability (psychometrics)

Child custody evaluations have no inter-rater reliability.  Zero.  The inter-rater reliability for the conclusions and recommendations reached by child custody evaluations is zero.  If an assessment procedure is not reliable (stable in its findings), then it cannot, by definition, be a valid measure of anything.  Two child custody evaluators can reach entirely different conclusions and recommendations based on exactly the same data.

The conclusions and  recommendations from child custody evaluations are not valid because they are not reliable, there is no inter-rater reliability.

2.) No Established Validity (psychometrics)

There is no research ever conducted to establish the validity of the conclusions and recommendations made by child custody evaluations (face validity, construct validity, content validity, predictive validity, concurrent validity, and discriminant validity).

Since there is no demonstrated validity for the conclusions and recommendations reached by child custody evaluations, then the conclusions and recommendations from child custody evaluations are not valid.

3.) No Operational Definitions for Constructs (psychometrics)

Child custody evaluations have no operational definitions for either of their key constructs, the “best interests of the child” and “parental capacity.”  Without operational definitions for the constructs, the assessment is unreliable and prone to the whims and biases of the evaluator (both conscious and unconscious).

Without operational definitions for its key constructs, the conclusions and recommendations reached by child custody evaluations are not valid.  They simply represent the opinion and biases of one person.

4.) Violation of Principle D Justice (ethics)

Principle D: Justice
Psychologists recognize that fairness and justice entitle all persons to access to and benefit from the contributions of psychology and to equal quality in the processes, procedures, and services being conducted by psychologists.

Equal Access/Equal Benefit:  At a cost of $20,000 to $40,000 per child custody evaluation, the financial costs of the assessment procedure make it unavailable to anyone other than the most affluent of clients who can afford the excessively burdensome financial cost.  This would be in violation of the requirements of Principle D Justice for “equal access to and benefit from the contributions of psychology” since lower socio-economic families are denied “access to and benefit from” the child custody input of professional psychology provided to more affluent parents and families.

Equal Quality: The absence of inter-rater reliability and standardized interpretation of clinical interview data result in highly variable quality in the conclusions and recommendations reached by custody evaluation procedures across evaluators.  This variability in quality is in violation of the requirement of Principle D Justice for “equal quality in the processes, procedures, and services being conducted by psychologists”

Two prominent forensic psychologists, who literally wrote the book on child custody evaluations, Stahl and Simon, acknowledge and describe the high degree of variability in the quality of child custody evaluations:

From Stahl & Simons:  “The American Board of Forensic Psychology is a subspecialty board of the ABPP.  In the fall of 2011, there were approximately 250-300 ABPP board certified forensic psychologists in the United States and an unknown number of psychologists who specialize in forensic work but are not board certified.  On top of that, there are many psychologists who dabble in forensic practice, occasionally performing child custody or other types of forensic evaluations, and who find themselves called to testify in court on occasion. While we recognize that there is a range of quality in their work, it is clear that forensic psychology is a growing area of specialization.” (Stahl & Simons, 2013, p. 9)

Stahl, P.M. and Simon, R.A. (2013). Forensic Psychology Consultation in Child Custody Litigation: A Handbook for Work Product Review, Case Preparation, and Expert Testimony, Chicago, IL: Section of Family Law of the American Bar Association

“…many psychologists who dabble in forensic practice…”  That psychologists “dabble” in severe and highly complex family pathology is deeply distressing surrounding compliance with Standard 2.01a Boundaries of Competence.  This admission by Stahl and Simon, leading figures in forensic psychology, is not reassuring that child custody evaluators who merely “dabble” in working with a pathology possess the necessary professional competence needed for assessing complex family conflict.

Is this then the new standard for professional competence, that psychologists can enter a field to dabble in treating autism, dabble in treating eating disorders, dabble in treating panic disorders, dabble in treating trauma, is that the standard for professional competence established by Standard 2.01a Boundaries of Competence?

Even more disturbing than this open admission regarding the “range of quality in their work,” is the seeming cavalier disregard for the potential negative impact of this “range of quality” on the clients.  Stahl and Simon appear to instead accept this wide “range in quality” from psychologists who merely “dabble in forensic practice” as a good thing because it indicates that the industry of conducting (invalid) child custody evaluations is growing:

From Stahl & Simon: …while we recognize that there is a range of quality in their work, it is clear that forensic psychology is a growing area of specialization.”

It would appear that forensic child custody evaluators are more concerned for their financial success and the growth of their industry than they are in the quality of care they provide to their patients.

5.) Unanswerable Referral Question (bias)

Assessment is always to answer the referral question.  The referral question for assessment accepted by child custody evaluators is, “What should the child’s custody schedule be?”  This is an over-broad and unaswerable referral question by any information existent in professional psychology.  No one knows, it is impossible to answer.

Because there is no answer possible, whatever answer is given is merely a guess made by one person based on nothing of substance in particular.  Just their guess, of that one person.

The key criteria for determining the custody visitation schedule are the “best interests of the child.”  However, this key construct to the assessment is undefined and fundamentally undefinable by any information existent in professional psychology.

Again, Stahl and Simon describe the fundamentally undefinable nature for the construct of the child’s “best interests”:

From Stahl & Simon: “A critical subject facing those working in the field of family law, whether they’re legal professionals or psychological professionals, is the concept of the best interests of the children.  Even recognized experts in this concept differ with regard to what it means, how it should be determined, and what factors should be considered in determining what is in the best interest of a child.  Thus, this ubiquitous term escapes consensus and remains fundamentally vague. (Stahl & Simon, 2013, p. 10-11)

From Stahl & Simon: “It is defined differently from state to state; and even in Arizona, where there are nine statutory factors associated with the best interest of the child, the meaning behind many of the factors is obscure.  Additionally, when psychologists refer to the best interests of children, they are referring to a hierarchical set of factors that may have different meanings to different children with different families and that may be understood differently by psychologists with different backgrounds and different training.” (Stahl & Simon, 2013, p. 11)

This inability to define the basic fundamental criteria for the evaluation invalidates any conclusions and recommendations reached by the child custody evaluator.

6.) Cultural and Personal Bias (bias)

That the construct so central to the assessment is fundamentally undefined, opens the assessment process to distortion by a variety of evaluator biases, including both cultural biases against differing value systems in parenting, or the different ethnicities of the parties, or the different genders of the parties, as well as counter-transference bias from past family of origin or personal marital-spousal issues (e.g., the mother reminds the evaluator of his ex-wife, or the evaluator never had a bonded relationship with their parent and this influences their perceptions and judgements).

The only justification for restricting a parent’s time and involvement with their child is a child protection concern.  If there is child abuse, diagnose child abuse (DSM-5: V995.54 Child Physical Abuse, V995.53 Child Sexual Abuse, V995.52 Child Neglect, V995.51 Child Psychological Abuse) and protect the child.

If there is no child abuse… then parents have the right to parent according to their cultural values, their personal values, and their religious values.  It is exceedingly problematic when psychologists assume a role of deciding if a parent “deserves” to be a mother or father based on non-defined criteria (the best interests of the child) when there is no diagnosis of child abuse.

7) No Oversight or Review

The individual practices, conclusions, and recommendations of individual child custody evaluations receive no separate review or oversight. Unlike a clinical diagnosis and decision-making based on DSM-5 and ICD-10 diagnoses that are subject to a second opinion review, the decisions emerging from child custody evaluations are un-reviewable, they are sealed by the court, and the prohibitive cost ($20,000 to $40,000 each) and length of time needed (six to nine months each), prevent any second opinion.

Child custody reports are never reviewed for accuracy or for applied professional standards of practice.

As a clinical psychology consultant to parents and attorneys regarding treatment of attachment-related pathology, I have had the opportunity to review the child custody reports for my clients to assist in treatment plan development.  The child custody reports I have reviewed have consistently been substantially beneath acceptable standards of practice in clinical psychology assessment, often reach deeply troubling conclusions and recommendations that are entirely unsupported by their reported data, and that often contain prominent indicators of clear bias in interpretation.

I will offer two of the most egregious examples of the problematic professional standards of practice I have encountered.

Example 1: MMPI 4-6-9 Elevation

I reviewed one child custody report in which the father received an MMPI elevation on three scales; 4 Psychopathic Deviant, 6 Paranoia, 9 Mania (Narcissism when elevated 4).  The MMPI is not a personality measure, it is a pathology measure.  When it identifies a pathology – it’s not personality, it’s pathology.

The father was identified by the MMPI as potentially having psychopathic-narcissistic spectrum character traits with prominent paranoia. The mother’s MMPI was entirely normal.  The children’s chief complaint against the mother was that she fed them leftovers, so their dad had to come over when they called him and bring them take-out food because they hated their mother’s cooking.  They never wanted to see their mother again, because she was a bad cook and fed them leftovers. I kid you not, documented fully in the child custody report, that was their chief complaint.  Father had a 4-6-9 elevation on the MMPI, mother’s MMPI was entirely normal.

The custody evaluator never elaborated on the 4-6-9 MMPI elevation beyond a one-paragraph standard nondescript horoscope-type general description, and awarded full custody to the father and placed the children on restricted visitation with the mother and… “reunification therapy.”  No review.  No oversight.  No reason given.

Example 2: Lazy Forensic Psychologist

Lest you think that is an isolated example, I reviewed one child custody evaluation that was nothing more than a transcript of the “interviews” with the family members, entirely quotations throughout, with only connecting sentences provided by the custody evaluator to the transcript.

No discussion, no analysis, nothing.  The custody evaluator simply block quoted the verbatim transcript as the entire body of the report, and then made a three-paragraph pronouncement that lacked any proffered reasoning or justification, simply three paragraphs of personal conclusions and recommendations (the substance of which was deeply concerning because they were apparently wrong, based on the information provided in the transcripts).

So distressing were the professional practices exhibited by this child custody evaluator that I redacted the evaluation report and posted it to my website for educational purposes – this represents standard of practice – actually “high quality” standard of practice, for child custody evaluations.

I redacted all direct quotes as blue and all original sentences in red.

Lazy & Slothful Forensic Psychologist

I can have a high-school kid audio record people’s complaints, get it transcribed, and give me a random opinion based on nothing in particular.  I’m sure they’d be a lot cheaper than the $20,000 to $40,000 for a child custody evaluation, and likely be more accurate. Still no inter-rater reliability though.

Notice the signature line for this child custody evaluator,

“Diplomate of the American Board of Assessment”

I wonder if the American Board of Assessment knows this is the quality of work produced by one of their Diplomates?  Is this what they train them to do, record, transcribe, and give a three-paragraph pronouncement based on nothing?

This is a “high-quality” forensic child custody evaluation, by one of their “Diplomates in Assessment.” This is one of their good ones.

A (volunteer) Professor at a Prestigious School of Medicine and Institute

I wonder if the prestigious School of Medicine and Institute knows that this is the quality of professional work that they are being associated with through a “Volunteer” Professor (what exactly is that?).

This is one of their “good ones” – from a “Diplomate in Assessment.”

These are two examples, unfortunately, they are not a-typical.  No review, no oversight, $20,000 to $40,000 for each evaluation, combined with people who merely “dabble” in child custody evaluations, breeds ignorance, sloth, and incompetence throughout the “industry” of child custody evaluations.

8) The “Custody Prize”

When we make the child’s “voice” and expressed opinions the basis for our decisions surrounding child custody and visitation, we essentially turn the child into a “custody prize” to be won by who can prove that they are the “better parent.”  The judge in this matter of who is the “better parent” is the custody evaluator, who will go through a ritualized (and expensive) set of procedures to make a determination of which parent is the winner of the “custody prize” – the child.

Each parent must not only plead their case to the custody evaluator to choose that parent as the “better parent,” but the value placed on the child’s voice means that appeasing the child and getting the child to align with that parent’s side in the marital conflict will ensure that the custody prize goes to the parent who is better able to seduce and coerce the child into verbally taking that parent’s “side” in the marital-custody conflict.

The child’s voice is now a prize to be one.  On your mark, get set, go… go convince the child to be on your “side” – whoever wins the child’s voice will be the winner of the custody prize. Okay, times up.  Now go visit the custody evaluator and “Plead Your Case.”

Oooo, I’m sorry, it’s a draw, no decision.  You’ve been sent to the “Reunification Therapy” doldrums.  You’ll need a Second Child Custody… Reevaluation… by the SAME custody evaluator as last time, because after two years of the “Reunification Therapy” doldrums, the child’s pathology has gotten WORSE.

It is not the role of psychologists to sit in judgement of parents to determine who is the “better parent” to be awarded the “custody prize” of the child.  And psychologists should know better than to give uncritical substance to the child’s expressed “voice,” and should apply a broader analysis to the data.

9) Intentionally Withholding Relevant Information from the Court and Litigants (ethics)

Child custody evaluators are directly instructed by the AFCC to withhold relevant information from the courts and the litigants.  Standard 4.6c of the Model Standards of Practice for Child Custody Evaluations published by the AFCC directs child custody evaluators to withhold information about “diagnostic labels” from the court and from the litigants.

4.6 Presentation of Findings and Opinions

c) Evaluators recognize that the use of diagnostic labels can divert attention from the focus of the evaluation (namely, the functional abilities of the litigants whose disputes are before the court) and that such labels are often more prejudicial than probative. For these reasons, evaluators shall give careful consideration to the inclusion of diagnostic labels in their reports. In evaluating a litigant, where significant deficiencies are noted, evaluators shall specify the manner in which the noted deficiencies bear upon the issues before the court.

By “diagnostic labels” I assume they mean “diagnostic labels” such as V995.51 Child Psychological Abuse and ICD-10 F24 Shared Psychotic Disorder (a shared delusional disorder with the parent as the “primary case” – the “inducer”; American Psychiatric Association, 2000).

Withholding a “diagnostic label” of child psychological abuse and a shared persecutory delusion between the child and the allied parent from the court’s consideration is a deeply troubling instruction for the AFCC to give to their child custody evaluators.

Do they make a similar policy regarding withholding the “diagnostic labels” of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder from the court’s consideration as well?  Or is this policy to withhold information about “diagnostic labels” a matter of personal choice left up to the individual discretion of each custody evaluator, to weigh and balance the “probative” value of the “diagnostic label” for one litigant’s case versus the potentially “prejudicial” impact that the “diagnostic label” will have on the chances of the pathological parent to obtain custody of the child.

This is a decision specifically instructed on the child custody evaluator by the AFCC, to determine the probative value for one litigant versus the prejudicial impact of the “diagnostic label” for the pathological parent, and if the child custody evaluator decides that the “diagnostic label” is too substantially “prejudicial” to the chances for the pathological parent to gain custody of the child, then to withhold this information from the court.

What is perhaps even worse, is that child custody evaluators also withhold this relevant diagnostic information about the parent’s “diagnostic labels” from the litigants. This means that the court does not obtain this information about the “diagnostic label” of one parent, and the litigant for whom it may have “probative” value is denied access to this information as well, so they cannot provide this potentially “probative” information to the court.

The child custody evaluator is essentially being told by the AFCC through Standard 4.6c of the Model Standards of Practice for Child Custody Evaluations to make a prior decision on the probative and prejudicial impact of a “diagnostic label” and then to disclose or entirely withhold this information from both the court and from the litigants involved, so no one ever knows, and no one can challenge this prior-decision made solely and secretly by the child custody evaluator.

This is a deeply troubling over-reach from the psychologists ethically, and while I am not a legal professional, it seems an inappropriate abrogation of the court’s role and authority in evaluating the evidence, and the rights of the litigants to present to the court unbiased evidence.

The child custody evaluator is instructed by the AFCC to put their finger on the scales of justice without the court’s knowledge, and tip the scales in favor of the pathological parent by withholding the “diagnostic label” for the pathological parent from the court’s consideration and the litigant’s knowledge.


For these nine reasons, I am deeply troubled by the practice of child custody evaluations as practiced by forensic psychologists and as advocated for and instructed by the AFCC.

My website contains an area where I describe a variety of my concerns surrounding child custody evaluation: Attorneys – Child Custody Evaluations

Dr. Sullivan is the President of the AFCC who produce the Model Standards of Practice for Child Custody Evaluations. The AFCC actively supports the practice of child custody evaluations, and it is assumed that Dr. Sullivan is also an established practitioner of child custody evaluations.

Any prior bias I may have in my assessment of Dr. Sullivan as a resource for resolving parent-child attachment pathology is acknowledged by these nine points, and I invite Dr. Sullivan to provide response to my concerns that will reassure as being unfounded.  I am concerned, however, because each of the nine concerns is substantial, each appears warranted, and any of the nine by itself would warrant the discontinuation of the practice.

Craig Childress, Psy.D.
Clinical Psychologist, PSY 18857

Smile. yes, you. Smile. doctor’s orders.

Change isn’t hard, it’s just doing something different.  It’s not hard, it’s just different.  We don’t like to do stuff that’s different, it’s not comfortable, it’s different, the same is comfortable.  I know what the same is.  I may not like the same, but I do know what it is. And that’s comfortable, because it’s the same.

Change is just doing something different until it becomes the same.  How do you do that?  

Do you want to know how to do that, to make changes, to become different?  I can tell you if you want know the secret to change, it’s not very complicated.  You’ll be impressed by how simple it is.  And you won’t want to do it, because then things will be different and you don’t like different because we like to be comfortable.

Do you want me to tell you?  I can.  Okay, here’s the secret to change.

Do something different.

Didn’t I tell you that you’d be impressed with its simplicity?  And didn’t I tell you that you wouldn’t want to do it?

Change is not hard, we just don’t want to do it.  For example, say you’re a couch-potato unhealthy mess.  You want to change.  What do you do?  Start doing something different.  Go to the gym.  Oooh, I hate the gym.  Who cares, just go.  So you go, and you go, and you go, and soon, what was different, and you go, and you go, becomes the same, and you go, and now, it feels good to go to the gym.  You want to go to the gym because it feels good.

Or say you want to learn the piano.  What do you do?  Start taking piano lessons.  Oh my god, you’ll be awful, absolutely awful.  Who cares, just keep plunking away… you practice, and you practice, and it’s sooo boring, and you practice and you practice, and it’s not even close to music, and you practice and you practice, and now it’s turning into music, and what was different is becoming the same, and you practice and now you’re playing the piano.

Everything works that way.  It’s not some big Freudian secret, if you want to change, do things different.  Doing things the same will not lead to change.  Doing things different is the secret to change.

But you don’t want to do it, I know. 

What you’re doing when you do things different is you’re grooving in new tracks in your brain, like little groove thingies in the circuitry wiring.  Each time you do something it lays a little grove, like a raindrop down a dirt hill, it leaves a little groove.

Other raindrops can go different ways, but if a lot of raindrops keep going down one path, that path gets deeper and deeper.  That’s how our brain works, we groove in the neural networks.  Wanna hear the ten-dollar word… long-term potentiation… ain’t that a mouthful.  That’s the term for the grooving in process.

The ten-cent word is habit.

It’s also called use-dependent development – we build what we use.  Every time we use a neural network it gets strong, faster, and more efficient.  If we use problematic networks (do stupid things and make poor decisions), these networks become stronger, faster, and more efficient.  We get better at making mistakes and getting ourselves into trouble… because we keep doing it, and… because we keep doing it… we keep doing it.

We build what we use.

So how do we change?

First… stop doing the bad thing.  Whatever the bad thing is, don’t do that anymore because you are only grooving it deeper and deeper every time.  So put a big boulder in that groove, you are NOT going down that groove.

Uh-oh.  That’s the only groove you have.  You’ve been struck in that groove since the dawn of time, it’s the Grand Canyon of grooves in your brain, all other grooves in your brain feed into that single groove.

I don’t care.  Do something different.


I don’t care, just so it’s different.

Ahhhh, okay, okay, ahhhh, it’s so different and I don’t know what to do.

What do you want to do?

You’re free. 

But every single time a single nerve cell lights up in your brain, it is going to head directly for that mother of all grooves, the bad one.  What do you do?  Don’t do the bad groove, that only makes it deeper, do something different?  What?  I don’t care, just so it’s different.  Ahhh, okay, well, what, what…

What do you want to do?

Is it hard to go to the gym?  Yes.  Do you want to go to the gym?  No.  Do you go to the gym?  Yes.  Why?  Because it’s different.  The same is sitting on the couch.  Do not-that.  So then what?  I’ll go to the gym.  I hate the gym.  Who cares, just go, and go… see?  Grooving in the brain circuits.

Piano, same thing.  Or how do you learn math?  Do it over-and-over, all the time, you groove in the “doing math” circuits in the brain, use-dependent development.

Two parts, 1) stop doing the bad groove, it only makes it deeper, 2) start doing something different.  What?  It doesn’t matter, as long as it’s different (don’t worry, you’re a smart human, you’ll figure out the what – what do you want to do?)

Change isn’t hard, it’s actually quite simple.  Do things different.  If you do things the same, that’s not going to be change, that’s just the same.

But change is scary (ahh-ahh, it’s not the same, it’s different), but don’t worry, we’re smart humans, we’ll figure it out.  Once you leave the groove, you’re… free.

But we don’t want to be free, too much pressure.  It’s more comfortable in our grooves.  We may not like our grooves, but they’re ours, and they’re comfortable…. kind of a familiar suffering.

I want to give you a gift. I’m not sure you’ll take it, but maybe.

I want you to smile.

More often, a lot as a matter of fact.  Not because you feel happy.  I don’t care how you feel.  Did I say I want you to feel happy?  No.

I want you to smile.

For no reason whatsoever.  I know, amazingly silly.  I don’t care, just smile.  More.

How many times do you smile a day?  Three times?  Five times?  Zero times?  Whatever it is, I want you to smile three times as much. So if you smile zero – smile three times a day, for no reason whatsoever and yes you will look like a lunatic.  I don’t care.  Just smile, for no reason whatsoever.

If you smile twice a day, smile six, three times, smile nine… oh my god, Dr. Childress, stop, you’ll have me smiling all the time.

Exactly.  Maybe not all the time, but pretty close.  Why?  Use-dependent development, we build what we use.  I’m gifting you a brain-hack, a back-door.  There’s this little kink in the neural networks that we can take advantage of… we’re stupid.

Our brain doesn’t know how we feel.  So when we smile, our brain registers the muscle movement of the smile, but when it goes to look at emotions there’s no happy.  What’s up with that?  So the brain calls down to emotions and says, “Are you happy?”

And emotions says, “No, not really.”

“Well, we’re smiling, so we must be happy.  Give us some happy.”  So emotions produces a little pop of happy, called endorphins for the ten-buck word.  We trick the system into thinking it’s happy.  Emotions and body are linked, we just ran up the backside of the system.

We smile when we’re happy… and we’re happy when we smile, either way.

Then… we use use-dependent development, just like playing the piano, just like going to the gym.  What happens when you go to the gym over-and-over again, you get all buffed-out and strong.  What happens if you practice the piano over-and-over again, you’re playing jazz riffs at the Christmas party.  So then smile.

Smiling is a whole lot easier than going to the gym and practicing the piano, and way-way more fun.  You’ll feel silly.  I don’t care.  You’ll look silly.  Doesn’t matter.  Apologize if you look creepy, tell them “doctor’s orders.”  Doesn’t matter, just smile, for no reason at all.

Do it in the car while you’re driving to and from work.  You have all kinds of time driving.  You’re brain doesn’t care when you practice “happy” – car’s a great time.  Just smile.  “But I don’t feel happy.”  Just smile anyway.

Do it over-and-over, practice the piano over and over and what happens?

Are you terrible at the piano when you start?  Yes.  Does it matter?  No. 

It is as simple as just doing something different.  Smile.  More.  Again…. and again… and again.  I don’t care whether you feel happy, you will become happier.  Not an ecstatic find-god sort of happy.  But your brain systems for the happy emotion will become stronger, faster, and more efficient.  That’s a nice thing.

You will become happier (stronger), more often (faster), and that feeling just sort of happy feeling will become a way of life (more efficient).  That’s not a bad outcome from smiling for no reason in the car to-and-from work. 

Before going to bed, from the time you enter the bedroom to the time you crawl under the covers, I want you to smile three times – doctors orders.  Three times before bedtime

Doctor’s orders:  Patient needs to increase the long-term potentiation and synaptogenesis along the neural networks for the up-arousal and social-bonding affect systems for joy and laughter. 

You need more joy and laughter, doctor’s orders.

Craig Childress, Psy.D.
Clinical Psychologist, PSY 18857

The Voice of Children, for Children.

I do not seek the voices of the children, children are neutral.  We will fight and win this battle with pathology without relying on the child’s voice.  We will find other ways, children are neutral.

Yet the adult children who have recovered themselves from their devastated childhoods of loss created by the pathology of one parent, can carry the voice of and for the child.

This speaker is anonymous to me, and that’s the way it should be. She speaks for all children of alienation. This pathology is devastating for the children, and it moves in them for a lifetime, a childhood destroyed, a lifetime altered, a lifetime of enduring grief and loss.  This is the voice of the child.  Listen.

Dorcy Pruter is also that child.  She’s not a psychologist or a mental health professional, she was that child.  She too was abandoned to the pathology of one parent that alienated her from the other.  She also had to self-recover because of the failure of professional psychology.  She became determined to end this for every child.

Amanda’s voice.


Dawn’s voice

I recently received this email from Dawn Endria McCarty, Chair, National Parents Organization Florida and Associate Producer for the documentary, Erasing Family.  I found her email to me spoke with the authenticity of that child, the voice from and for the children of alienation.  I asked and received her permission to post her email to me on my blog.

In addition to her work to bring an end to this devastating family pathology, she was that child.  Ms. McCarty is a survivor of childhood alienation.

These now-adult children, like Dawn McCarty, are coming forward to speak.  It is time to listen to this voice from the authentic child.

From Ms. McCarty:

Dr. Childress,

It’s a pleasure to be introduced to you directly and I want to thank you for sharing your work so generously.  As I watch your videos or read your posts to learn as much as I can from you, I have realized that for me, I take something away that is probably a little different than most, because I learn more about myself, than anything else.  I am an adult child that experienced the emotional cutoff that you speak about and I was just telling Paul, that what I learn is that my experiences and feelings from the trauma I endured are validated and I have a deeper understanding of what really took place.   I was abducted and erased from my father in 1972 and the world as I knew it vanished overnight.  What that world was replaced with is what I have referred to over the years as my personal “Twilight Zone”, which I could never reconcile it in my head without help.

After a 44-year search, I finally found my father January 29, 2016 and together we were able to do some much-needed healing.  I believe it is important for others to know is that a child cannot heal holistically without their erased parent, they need each other to really heal.  Before I realized this, I never thought I had a purpose, but I have learned otherwise over the last 3 years.  Thru the emotional roller coaster of feelings during the time I had with my father, I finally realized that there was a reason that I was able to survive the trauma as I did, and that is to share what I experienced now.  To expose and oppose those that believe they are only thinking about the “best interest of the child”.   I can dispute many of these arguments, where they are not able to dispute mine, because they are not thinking about the long-term effects of the child. They are only applying a band-aid to a wound that will never heal without the proper people and tools.

The turning point for me was when I lost my father again on January 19, 2018, only permanently this time.  I am a member of the unpopular group of people that have lost someone dear to them twice in one lifetime.  As we educate and reconnect children to their erased parents, there is potential for the membership of this group to grow if we don’t change and protect the child’s inalienable rights to love and be loved by both of their parents.  I feel a loss, yes, but I also feel extremely blessed that I was able to spend those last two years with him before he left this world. I am fortunate in that respect, however for others, that means there is no time to waste, we must change now for the children of today. 

I became a GAL and also participated in a few studies on the effects of abductions or emotional cutoffs, however they are hardly adequate for use by the United States to the degree we need them to be.  To my knowledge there are no studies conducted on the long-term effects of childhood trauma that follows the children throughout their lives.  We know that children do not outgrow their trauma, they do not get over it, they just suppress it.  We know that these effects do not go away, even when on the outside there is nothing apparently wrong.  It just sits idle in Pandora’s Box waiting for the trigger to be pulled and not many are ready or equipped with the needed tools to process these emotions.  Not when it is like a firehose on full blast, aimed at their heart.  It is my hope to get NPO to conduct a study of these long-term effects in the near future.

It is very true that you are working ahead of everyone else, as you mention in your posts.  Your research, education, and communications validate the long-term effects that I felt as a very young child, growing into a young adult, and far into being a grown woman.  By laying this out now, the way you have, means when we finally do get to conduct studies, there will be a model to follow.  In combination with future studies, I hope it will help identify the issues a child faces throughout their lives.  What I went through when my pandora’s box blew open was almost more than I could handle.  I am strong, yet I still had trouble handling this, which makes me fear for the ones who are either too fragile, the young children, the vulnerable, or those who are shattered from the trauma. I am sharing my experiences by speaking and educating for them, which is quite possibly the missing key to the argument. I am trying to be an open book to allow others to have an example to study and ask questions, although I still have my trauma brain struggles from time to time. But I promise to keep at it.  

That said, I am the chair for the National Parents Organization of Florida and as such, I am planning a Shared Parenting Conference this year with a Premiere of Erasing Family to officially kick of the Impact Campaign that Michelle Stegall-Jordan has implemented. I work closely with her and she has been coaching me both personally and professionally.  We have so many great resources and I am a huge collaborator of sharing and tapping into the tools and expertise that are effective. I have already had three screenings in the state with 3 or 4 more in the works and my hope is that with the attention we gain from Impact Campaign and hosting a statewide conference for equal shared parenting, we can get things rolling in our state legislatively by next year.

One member of my NPO team is Leslie Ferderigos (aka Lawyer Leslie and the “Alienated Kids” videos), whom you reached out to regarding a shared parenting conference in our state.  We would love to have you attend, if you are available.  We are teaming up with Danica Joan (Custody Matters) for a conference on April 24th and will probably have at least one other later on in the summer or fall.  If you can make the April conference, that would be fantastic, otherwise I can work with your schedule for the timing of the other conference later in the year.

I am looking forward to learning from and hopefully working with you more in the future.

Warm regards,

Dawn Endria McCarty
Chair, National Parents Organization Florida
Associate Producer – Erasing Family

I am unable to attend the conference in Florida on the 24th because I will be returning from my seminars with Dorcy in Ireland in April.  I hope to be in Florida in the future. 

The world is changing.  It needs to change.

I will not place any of the burden for change onto the child. That is our responsibility.  I’m fine with that.  Empathy, make it easy, no worries.  There are others, though, who were that child.  Who understand that child.  Who speak with that child’s voice.

We need to listen to that voice, the voice of the authentic child.  We need to bring them solutions for the entire family, to return to them a childhood of love and bonding, for all children, everywhere.

Empathy.  Simple empathy.

Craig Childress, Psy.D.
Clinical Psychologist, PSY 18857